Mon, 30 June 2008
Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Raminta and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.
Did you know Lithuania once had a dictator? At the end of World War One Lithuania was occupied by German soldiers. Lithuania declared its independence in 1918 and they left. In 1926 Antanas Smetona was one of the leaders of a military coup d'état. Lithuanian soldiers removed the democratically elected government, put the most conservative Lithuanian party in power, placed Antanas Smetona in the president’s chair and he ruled Lithuania until it was invaded by the Soviet Union in 1940.
The dictatorship lasted for 14 years and all other political parties were outlawed. When the Soviet Union invaded in 1940 at the beginning of World War II they claimed they were doing Lithuanians a favor by defeating fascism.
pradėkime, let’s get started
Back in episode 0047 we learned two commands. Kiss me! Pabučiuok mane! Hug me! Apkabink mane!
Today we’ll go over the imperative. We use the imperative to tell people or animals to do something. Such as, Look! Sit down! Come here!
This stuff isn’t super difficult. Start with the infinitive of the verb, chop off the “t” – “i" or the “-ti” at the end of the verb and add “-k” or the Lithuanian letter “k.”
the verb dirbti, to work, changes to dirbk!
dirbk! šok! žiūrėk! are all examples of how to command an individual using the “tu” form. We’d use this with a child, a close friend or an animal. To command a group of people or to give a command in a more polite way, we use jūs, we add –kite instead of just –k.
lastly, to give a command to a group that we’re a part of, as in “us” or “we,” we add “–kime .”
let’s work! dirbkime!
Now, let’s practice with some examples. First, let’s do the familiar or “tu” form. We’ll say the verb in English, then the infinitive in Lithuanian. Then we’ll give the command in English and you try to guess the command in Lithuanian. Good luck! Sėkmės!
to work dirbti
Now let’s give the same commands to a person using the “jūs” form which is also the form we’d use giving a command to a group of people.
and of course, in normal conversation we can drop the tail end -e
Great! Now let’s give a command to a group of people to which we belong. These commands would be equivalent to, Let’s work! Let’s dance! Let’s run!
let’s work! dirbkime!
Nuostabu! Wonderful! You made it to the end of another episode! Nuostabu!
Alright! That’s it for today! Thanks for the download! If you got anything out of this lesson please leave us a review on our iTunes page.
This was a very nice lesson. I had a couple questions about the conjugations of certain Lithuanian verbs. I was wondering if Raminta (or Jack) might be able to help out. If so, I was wondering whether I should write them here or email somewhere. A couple questions that I have would look like this: What is the first and second singular past tense forms for \"megti\"? And in the subjunctive? A few like that.
I\'m still on 48th but I keep downloading every new lesson, and now I want to congratulate you guys for 99th episode.. :) :) I\'ve made a document of these transcriptions until 80th lesson, printed it out and made a book of 149 pages..!! *_* Not forgetting the audio lessons, I put them in a DVD and my iPod also. This way, I can always study and repeat your lessons everywhere when I have free time and sometimes my friends came and asked \"What r u studying?\" \"Lithuanian\".. Well almost all of them have no idea what or where Lithuania is.. So they wanted to know. And I passed them ur lessons and told them about this blog.. :) Hmmm maybe they\'re not too \'excited\' to learn but at least they know something more about Lithuania and Lithuanian, including Lithuanian-Indonesian homograf and homophones :) (fyi, Lithuanian is quite close to other ancient language Sanskrit, and Indonesian as well - as an impact of Hindu times in the past) And... Jack and Raminta, really really u are my fav podcast teachers..! *Honestly, I enjoy listening to you more than to my Pimsleurs..! Well, both u and Pimsleur work, but I feel more \'alive\' and \'close\' with u guys..!! :) :) Keep up the good work..!! ^^ Next time, let\'s celebrate 100th episode..!! Yuhuuuuuuu..!! Vremita :)
Thanks for the response. I meant the simple past rather than the repetitive past, but I appreciate the help. And I think that the 365 verbs will solve ALL of these questions that I would have had. Look forward to the future podcasts, and thanks so much for what you guys do. Jums sekmes!