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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Sep 3, 2013

LL0282 – Gyvuoti To Exist

 

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Gintarė and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

 

According to the website www.balticreports.com, some Russians are going into Russian stores and putting stickers of swastikas on Lithuanian products.  The Russian government says this has happened, but is not widespread.  Shop owners remove the products from the shelves since not many people want to buy a product with a swastika attached.

 

Russian groups are placing the stickers on products because a Klaipėda District Court dropped charges against four youths who were arrested for displaying swastika placards. 

 

The youths were able to prove to the court that the swastika was a common symbol in ancient Lithuania, displayed on rings, bracelets and personal jewelry.

 

http://balticreports.com/?p=19795

 

http://www.delfi.lt/archive/article.php?id=32970715

 

***

 

Today we’ll go over the Lithuanian verb gyvuoti – to be, to survive, to fare, to exist, or to live.

 

I want to give you a little warning before we go any further. The Lithuanian verb gyvuoti can be replaced in many situations with other verbs such as gyventi, egzistuoti, būti, išgyventi and others. When I first started putting together examples for this episode I wrote them all down. One by one almost all my examples were deleted by native Lithuanian speakers who said the phrases sounded strange and a different verb should be used. But, the purpose of this episode is to introduce you to gyvuoti, not the other verbs.

 

For example, keep in mind when we use the English verb “to survive” on this episode many other Lithuanian verbs might be more commonly used depending on the situation. But, again the focus of this episode is gyvuoti. Hopefully on future episodes we’ll be able to go over other verbs which can be substituted for gyvuoti.

 

So, keeping in mind we’re only focusing on gyvuoti, let’s continue the episode.

 

***

 

Here are gyvuoti and negyvuoti conjugated in the present tense.

 

to be, to exist        

gyvuoti

 

I exist        

aš gyvuoju

 

you exist (tu)        

tu gyvuoji

 

he exists        

jis gyvuoja

 

she exists        

ji gyvuoja

 

we exist        

mes gyvuojame

 

you exist (formal)        

jūs gyvuojate

 

you all exist        

jūs gyvuojate

 

they exist (mm/mf)        

jie gyvuoja

 

they exist (ff)        

jos gyvuoja

 

to not be, to not exist        

negyvuoti

 

I do not exist        

aš negyvuoju

 

you do not exist (tu)        

tu negyvuoji

 

he does not exist        

jis negyvuoja

 

she does not exist        

ji negyvuoja

 

we do not exist        

mes negyvuojame

 

you do not exist (formal)              

jūs negyvuojate

 

you all do not exist        

jūs negyvuojate

 

they do not exist (mm/mf)        

jie negyvuoja

 

they do not exist (ff)        

jos negyvuoja

 

here are a few examples for you

 

infinitive

 

in the refrigerator, they can survive for many days

šaldytuve jie gali gyvuoti daug dienų

 

they can exist together

jie gali gyvuoti kartu

 

passion can survive without love              

aistra gali gyvuoti be meilės

 

society, public, community  

visuomenė

 

can society survive without morals?

ar gali gyvuoti visuomenė be moralės?

 

...that is why the law should not exist

...tai kodėl teisė turėtų negyvuoti 

 

I’m doing well!

aš gyvuoju gerai!

 

I'm doing well, and how are you?

aš gyvuoju gerai, o kaip tu?

 

I'm living better than ever 

aš gyvuoju geriau nei bet kada

 

I'm not doing bad      

aš gyvuoju neblogai

 

tu

hi, how are you doing?

sveikas, kaip gyvuoji?

 

good morning, neighbor, how are you?

laba diena, kaimyne, kaip gyvuoji?

 

how are you doing today?    

kaip tu šiandien gyvuoji?

 

out with it, how are you?              

pasakok, kaip gyvuoji?

 

jis

a fleet

laivynas

 

how is the Lithuanian fleet faring? 

kaip gyvuoja Lietuvos laivynas?

 

justice        

teisingumas 

 

is there justice in Lithuania?

ar Lietuvoje gyvuoja teisingumas?

 

does Lithuanian theater exist in America?

ar lietuviškas teatras gyvuoja Amerikoje?

 

business, trade, occupation

verslas

 

this business won't last long

šitas verslas ilgai negyvuoja

 

ji

why does one idea survive, while others die?

kodėl viena idėja gyvuoja, o kita miršta?

 

a culture exists only in contact with other cultures

kultūra gyvuoja tik bendraudama su kitomis kultūromis

 

the Lithuanian language survives not only in Lithuania

lietuvių kalba gyvuoja ne tik Lietuvoje

 

a people, nation, race, nationality

tauta

 

a hero

didvyris

 

the nation doesn't exist without its heroes

tauta negyvuoja be savo didvyrių

 

a heart                        

širdis

 

she exists in our hearts          

ji gyvuoja mūsų širdyse

 

mes

still

vis dar

 

we still exist, and I believe everything will be okay

vis dar gyvuojame ir, manau, kad viskas bus gerai

 

still

dar

 

as you see, we still exist              

kaip matote, dar gyvuojame

 

we're doing well     

gyvuojame gerai

 

we get along little by little

gyvuojame po truputį

 

jūs

how are you doing?

kaip gyvuojate?

 

it's cool to see that you're doing well

smagu matyti kad gyvuojate gerai

 

I only want to see how you're doing

noriu tik pasižiūrėti, kaip gyvuojate

 

I'm happy that you are living well

aš laimingas, kad jūs gerai gyvuojate

 

jūs

how is everyone doing?

kaip gyvuojate visi?

 

friends, how are you getting on?              

bičiuliai, kaip gyvuojate?

 

jie

for a long time

ilgai

 

dinosaurs

dinozaurai

 

do dinosaurs still exist?

ar dinozaurai dar gyvuoja?

 

we cannot know why and how they survive

negalime suprasti kodėl ir kaip jie gyvuoja

 

they exist in Lithuania    

jie gyvuoja Lietuvoje

 

they didn't exist for long

jie negyvuoja ilgai

 

jos

the sun

saulė

 

a spot, a stain

dėmė

 

usually, normally

paprastai

 

barely, hardly, scarcely

vos

 

a few, several

keli, kelios

 

sun spots can be large, but normally they survive scarcely a few days

saulės dėmės gali būti didelės, bet paprastai jos gyvuoja vos kelias dienas

 

a rose        

rožė

 

a garden

sodas

 

a year

metai

 

I have several roses in my garden, they exist for several years

aš turiu keletą rožių savo sode, jos gyvuoja kelis metus

 

wind    

vėjas

 

energy

energija, energetika

 

a wind turbine

vėjo turbina

 

a new thing               

naujas dalykas

 

however, notwithstanding

tačiau

 

foreign country

užsienis

 

overseas, abroad

užsienyje

 

a turbine 

turbina

 

common

bendras, bendra

 

long ago, for a long time, for ages

seniai

 

already                  

jau

 

In Lithuania wind energy is a new thing. However, abroad wind turbines have already existed for a long time.

Lietuvoje vėjo energetika yra naujas dalykas. Tačiau užsienyje vėjo turbinos gyvuoja seniai.

 

the imperative of gyvuoti can be translated as equivalent to the Spanish, "Viva!"

or, long live! as in long live the king!

 

long live!

gyvuok!

 

viva!

gyvuok!

 

long live, Lithuania!

gyvuok, Lietuva!

 

live for a long time, my homeland!

gyvuok ilgai, mano tėvyne!

 

I wish you luck, live long yet for many years!

linkiu sėkmės, gyvuokite dar ilgus metus!

 

may you live long, a long time, a long time!

gyvuokite ilgai, ilgai!

 

may we live together for a long time!  

gyvuokime kartu!

 

may we all live a long time!

gyvuokime visi!

 

don't live!        

negyvuok!

 

don't live!

negyvuokite!

 

may we not live!

negyvuokime!

 

Šaunuoliai!  Great!  You made it to the end of another episode!  Puiku!  Excellent!