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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Dec 16, 2009

Koks Didelis Pasaulis What A Big World

(with special guest-host Antanas)

 

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Antanas and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

 

Continuing with our description of Lithuanian banknotes, the 100 litas or šimtas litų banknote is decorated with the portrait of Simonas Daukantas who lived from 1793 to 1864.  Simonas wrote the first history of Lithuania in the Lithuanian language and he’s credited with creating a sense of national awareness for the Lithuanian people.  The reverse of the bill features Vilnius Old Town.

 

Banknotes of the Lithuanian Litas
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banknotes_of_the_Lithuanian_litas

 

Very well done.  This is easy.  Okay.  Have some beer!

Today we continue with koks – not as a question word but more as an expression of surprise or exclamation


you can use koks or kokia to say things like;

 

what a beautiful dog!
what a tasty wine!
what a big house!

 

Now for an important point.  If you are talking about something specific you can say things like what a beautiful dog, koks gražus šuo or what a tasty wine, koks skanus vynas.  But, if you’re talking about something inspecific and you just want to say, how beautiful! or how tasty! then you wouldn’t use koks or kokia.  You’d use kaip and add the neuter form of the adjective.  

 

How beautiful, kaip gražu, how tasty, kaip skanu.

 

Think of it like this.  If you’re going to use koks or kokia then you need to know the gender of the object.  Kaip is the word for how, like, as, than, as well as some others.  Kaip is genderless.  

 

So, if you use koks or kokia which are concerned with gender, use them with masculine or feminine nouns.  Kaip doesn’t care about gender, so use the neuter form of the adjective.

 

how beautiful                       

kaip gražu

 

what a beautiful dog              

koks gražus šuo

 

what a beautiful day                

kokia graži diena

 

how tasty                               

kaip skanu

 

what a tasty sandwich             

koks skanus sumuštinis

 

what a tasty pizza                   

kokia skani pica

 

pradėkime, let’s get started

 

1)  gražus or graži is an adjective that means beautiful
2)  bjaurus or bjauri is an adjective that means ugly or nasty
3)  didelis or didelė is an adjective that means big
4)  mažas or maža is an adjective that means small
5)  skanus or skani is an adjective that means tasty or delicious

 

Koks and kokia have the same meaning.  Koks is tied to masculine nouns.  Kokia is tied to feminine nouns.  

 

The same goes for the adjectives gražus or graži, bjaurus or bjauri, didelis or didelė, skanus or skani, mažas or maža.  

 

As you might have guessed, the adjective that ends in –s, is masculine.  

 

So, if the noun is masculine we use the masculine adjective.

 

vocabulary - žodynas

 

weather                                  

oras

 

sky or heaven                         

dangus

 

sunset                                    

saulėlydis

 

pimple                                   

spuogas

 

a word                                   

žodis

 

war                                        

karas

 

thing                                      

daiktas

 

rain                                        

lietus

 

creature                                 

padaras

 

pest                                       

kenkėjas

 

insect                                     

vabzdys

 

crab                                       

krabas

 

eel                                         

ungurys

 

world or universe                    

pasaulis

 

spider                                     

voras

 

elephant                                 

dramblys

 

dictionary                               

žodynas

 

puppy                                    

šuniukas

 

garden                                   

sodas

 

salary                                     

atlyginimas

 

computer                               

kompiuteris

 

baby                                      

kūdikis

 

Oi is a word that expresses surprise, such as, oh! ah!  Oi, koks gražus šuo!  Oh, what a beautiful dog!

 

beautiful                                              

gražus

 

what beautiful weather!                         

koks gražus oras!

 

what a beautiful dog!                            

koks gražus šuo!

 

what a beautiful morning!                      

koks gražus rytas!

 

what a beautiful life!                             

koks gražus gyvenimas!

 

what a beautiful evening!                       

koks gražus vakaras!

 

whoa, what a beautiful sky!                   

oi, koks gražus dangus!

 

how beautiful is Klaipėda’s museum!     

koks gražus yra Klaipėdos muziejus!

 

whoa, what a beautiful sunset!               

oi, koks gražus saulėlydis!

 

whoa, what a beautiful car!                   

oi, koks gražus automobilis!

 

whoa, what a beautiful watch!               

oi, koks gražus laikrodis!

 

ugly                                                     

bjaurus

 

what an ugly word!                               

koks bjaurus žodis!

 

whoa, what an ugly pimple!                   

oi, koks bjaurus spuogas!

 

what an ugly bird!                                

koks bjaurus paukštis!

 

what an nasty life!                                

koks bjaurus gyvenimas!

 

what an nasty war!                               

koks bjaurus karas!

 

what an ugly thing!                               

koks bjaurus daiktas!

 

what an ugly rain!                                 

koks bjaurus lietus!

 

how ugly is today’s weather!                 

koks bjaurus šiandien oras!

 

what an ugly creature!                          

koks bjaurus padaras!

 

what an ugly pest!                                

koks bjaurus kenkėjas!

 

what an ugly insect!                              

koks bjaurus vabzdys!

 

delicious                                              

skanus

 

what a tasty beer!                                 

koks skanus alus!

 

wow, how tasty is the crab!                   

oho, koks skanus yra krabas!

 

what tasty water!                                  

koks skanus vanduo!

 

how tasty is Lithuanian food!                 

koks skanus lietuviškas maistas!

 

how tasty is Italian food!                       

koks skanus yra itališkas maistas!

 

whoa, how tasty is the Japanese food!    

oi, koks skanus japoniškas maistas!

 

what a tasty pie!                                   

koks skanus pyragas!

 

whoa, what a tasty eel!                         

oi, koks skanus ungurys!

 

what tasty wine!                                   

koks skanus vynas!

 

big                                                       

didelis

 

what a big world!                                  

koks didelis pasaulis!

 

what a big spider!                                  

koks didelis voras!

 

what a big flat!                                      

koks didelis butas!

 

what a big elephant!                               

koks didelis dramblys!

 

whoa, what a big dog!                            

oho, koks didelis šuo!

 

oh, what a big car!                                 

oi, koks didelis automobilis!

 

oh, what a big house!                             

oi, koks didelis namas!

 

oh, what a big room!                              

oi, koks didelis kambarys!

 

what a big cepelinas!                              

koks didelis cepelinas!

 

small                                                   

mažas

 

what a small world!                              

koks mažas pasaulis!

 

what a small dog!                                 

koks mažas šuo!

 

what a small dictionary!                        

koks mažas žodynas!

 

what a small puppy!                             

koks mažas šuniukas!

 

what a small room!                               

koks mažas kambarys!

 

what a small garden!                             

koks mažas sodas!

 

what a small salary!                              

koks mažas atlyginimas!

 

what a small computer!                         

koks mažas kompiuteris!

 

what a small baby!                                

koks mažas kūdikis!

 

Šaunuoliai!  Excellent!  You made it to the end of another episode!  Puiku!

Tai lengva! (That’s easy!)
Good job, Antanai!