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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Apr 23, 2010

Per Daug Pipiru Too Much Pepper

 

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Eglė and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

 

A Lithuanian diplomat, Vytautas Pociūnas supposedly fell from a hotel room window in the city of Brest, Belarus in 2006.  Belarus claimed the Lithuanian security officer was drunk and he fell from his ninth-floor hotel room by accident.  Lithuanian politicians and journalists accused Belarussian and Russian secret services of killing the Lithuanian security officer.

 

You heard about this.  I heard, this…byla (case)…was very popular in Lithuania, and every, I don’t know, maybe, few months, every day in the newspapers was discussion about this, Vytautas Pociūnas, because there was a lot of talk about this.

 

Lithuanians cautious on Belarus claim that dead diplomat was drunk

http://bhtimes.blogspot.com/2006_08_29_archive.html

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Some nouns do not have a singular form.  For example, you don’t have one scissor, one pant or one sunglass.  You have scissors, pants and sunglasses.  These don’t have a singular form.  Here’s a list of just some Lithuanian nouns that are always plural and never singular.

 

Since these words are already plural they can use the plural genitive.  On a previous episode we stressed no plural form – no plural genitive.

 

On this episode we’re focused on nouns used in the plural only.  These nouns are already in the plural so it’s easy to use the plural genitive when we’re talking about an unspecific number.

 

First we’ll say the word in vardininkas, then we’ll give an example using per daug - too much or too many.

 

too much, too many        

per daug

 

pepper                                  

pipirai

 

too much pepper               

per daug pipirų

 

pasta                                    

makaronai

 

too much pasta                  

per daug makaronų

 

glue                                      

klijai

 

too much glue                     

per daug klijų

 

paint                                     

dažai

 

too much paint                   

per daug dažų

 

gas                                         

dujos

 

too much gas                      

per daug dujų

 

yeast                                      

mielės

 

too much yeast                    

per daug mielių

 

ash                                        

pelenai

 

too much ash                      

per daug pelenų

 

lard                                       

taukai

 

too much lard                     

per daug taukų

 

a funeral                              

laidotuvės

 

too many funerals              

per daug laidotuvių

 

a wedding                           

vestuvės

 

too many weddings           

per daug vestuvių

 

a battle                                 

kautynės

 

too many battles                

per daug kautynių

 

a divorce                               

skyrybos

 

too many divorces             

per daug skyrybų

 

glasses, spectacles              

akiniai

 

too many glasses                 

per daug akinių

 

a ladder                                

kopėčios

 

too many ladders              

per daug kopėčių

 

scissors                                

žirklės

 

too many scissors              

per daug žirklių

 

a shirt                                   

marškiniai

 

too many shirts                  

per daug marškinių

 

trousers, pants                    

kelnės

 

too many trousers              

per daug kelnių

 

a door                                   

durys

 

too many doors                  

per daug durų

 

another way to express an unknown amount of something is to simply decline a noun using the genitive case, like we just did.

 

pepper                                   

pipirai

 

some pepper                         

pipirų

 

pasta                                      

makaronai

 

some pasta                            

makaronų

 

glue                                      

klijai

 

some glue                            

klijų

 

paint                                     

dažai

 

some paint                          

dažų

 

gas                                        

dujos

 

some gas                               

dujų

 

glue                                      

klijai

 

some glue                            

klijų

 

yeast                                     

mielės

 

some yeast                           

mielių

 

ash                                       

pelenai

 

some ash                               

pelenų

 

lard                                        

taukai

 

some lard                              

taukų

 

funeral                                  

laidotuvės

 

some funerals                      

laidotuvių

 

wedding                               

vestuvės

 

some weddings                   

vestuvių

 

battle                                    

kautynės

 

some battles                        

kautynių

 

divorce                                 

skyrybos

 

some divorces                     

skyrybų

 

glasses, spectacles             

akiniai

 

some glasses                        

akinių

 

ladder                                   

kopėčios

 

some ladders                       

kopėčių

 

scissors                                

žirklės

 

some scissors                      

žirklių

 

shirt                                      

marškiniai

 

some shirts                          

marškinių

 

trousers, pants                      

kelnės

 

some trousers                      

kelnių

 

door                                      

durys

 

some doors                          

durų

 

here are some more plural only nouns…

 

lunch                                    

pusryčiai

 

dinner                                   

pietūs

 

ice cream                              

ledai (not to be confused with ledas – ice)

 

a massacre                            

pjautynės

 

a riot                                     

riaušės

 

an election                           

rinkimai

 

a scale                                  

svarstyklės

 

a fur coat                              

kailiniai

 

a gate                                   

vartai

 

a vacation                            

atostogos

 

a floor                                   

grindys

 

a ceiling                               

lubos

 

imti is the verb which means, to take.  Imk is a command – Imk! – Take!

 

and finally, here are some miscellaneous sentences for you…

 

do you want some pepper?     

ar nori pipirų?

 

do you want some pasta?                  

ar nori makaronų?

 

take some pasta                                   

imk makaronų

 

take some paint                                  

imk dažų

 

do you want some glue?                   

ar nori klijų?

 

take some yeast                                   

imk mielių

 

take some lard                                    

imk taukų

 

today there are a lot of funerals      

šiandien daug laidotuvių

 

today there are a lot of weddings    

šiandien daug vestuvių

 

in the store are many eyeglasses      

parduotuvėje daug akinių

 

Šaunuoliai!  Great!  You made it to the end of another episode!  Šaunuoliai!