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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Jan 22, 2012

LL0269 – Gerti To Drink

 

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Gintarė and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

 

According to Radio Vilnius: News and Current Affairs an Easter tradition in Lithuania centers around a swing.  The swings are large enough for more than one person.  Men would swing standing together.  Women would swing sitting and whichever women would swing the highest would be named the best housekeepers.

 

today we’ll work on the verb gerti

 

Gerti is a transitive verb so it requires the accusative case or galininkas.  Of course, when we negate a transitive verb, such as negerti, we use kilmininkas or the genitive case. 

 

In Lithuanian aš geriu kavą means I drink coffee or I’m drinking coffee. 

 

here are the verbs gerti and negerti conjugated in the present tense.

 

to drink

gerti

 

I drink

aš geriu

 

you drink (tu)

tu geri

 

he drinks

jis geria

 

she drinks

ji geria

 

you drink (formal)

jūs geriate

 

we drink

mes geriame

 

they drink (m/m m/f)

jie geria

 

they drink (ff)

jos geria

 

to not drink

negerti

 

I don’t drink

aš negeriu

 

you don’t drink

tu negeri

 

he doesn’t drink

jis negeria

 

she doesn’t drink

ji negeria

 

you don’t drink (formal)

jūs negeriate

 

we don’t drink

mes negeriame

 

they don’t drink (m/m or m/f)

jie negeria

 

they don’t drink (females only)

jos negeria

 

now let’s use these conjugations in some examples.

 

infinitive

 

he wants to drink beer

jis nori gerti alų

 

I cannot drink coffee

negaliu gerti kavos

 

do you like to drink vodka?

ar tau patinka gerti degtinę?

 

I really like to drink vodka

aš labai mėgstu gerti degintę

 

to drink or not to drink, what do you think?

gerti ar negerti, ką tu manai?

 

why not drink?

kodėl negerti?

 

why not drink something?

kodėl negeriate ko nors?

 

 

I always drink coffee at work

visada geriu kavą darbe

 

morning without coffee is very hard

rytas be kavos labai sunkus

 

I drink only tea

geriu tik arbatą

 

I’m not drinking beer

aš negeriu alaus

 

I don’t drink coffee, it’s not tasty

negeriu kavos, neskanu

 

I don’t drink champagne

aš negeriu šampano

 

I don’t drink coffee

kavos negeriu

 

I don’t drink a lot of coffee

negeriu daug kavos

 

I don’t drink beer, I drink vodka

aš negeriu alaus, aš geriu dėgtinę

 

tu

 

wine

vynas

 

are you drinking wine?

ar tu geri vyną?

 

are you drinking tea?

ar geri arbatą?

 

do you drink green tea?

ar geri žalią arbatą?

 

do you drink black tea?

ar geri juodą arbatą?

 

do you drink only black coffee?

ar tu geri tik juodą kavą?

 

you drink only wine, right?

tu geri tik vyną, ar ne?

 

true, I drink only wine

tiesa, geriu aš tik vyną

 

why are you not drinking wine?

kodėl tu negeri vyno?

 

we know you don't drink often

mes žinome, kad tu negeri dažnai

 

milk

pienas

 

a bottle

butelis

 

he’s drinking milk

jis geria pieną

 

he’s drinking from the bottle

jis geria iš butelio

 

he’s drinking white wine

jis geria baltą vyną

 

he drinks only beer – me too

jis geria tik alų – aš irgi

 

he’s not drinking milk

jis negeria pieno

 

previously  

anksčiau

 

Juozas doesn’t drink like before 

Juozas negeria kaip anksčiau

 

he doesn’t drink carbonated water

jis negeria gazuoto vandens

 

she is drinking water

ji geria vandenį

 

Jolanta is drinking green tea

Jolanta geria žalią arbatą

 

what is she drinking?  

ką ji geria?

 

my wife drinks too much

mano žmona geria per daug

 

chips          

traškučiai

 

carbonated

gazuotas

 

Edita doesn't eat chips and doesn't drink carbonated drinks

Edita nevalgo traškučių ir negeria gazuotų gėrimų

 

she doesn't drink, doesn't smoke and is a very good girl

ji negeria, nerūko ir yra labai gera mergaitė

 

Jolanta doesn’t drink black tea

Jolanta negeria juodos arbatos

 

jūs (singular)

 

why aren’t you drinking?

kodėl negeriate?

 

why don’t you drink coffee in the morning?

kodėl negeriate kavos ryte?

 

which tea do you drink?

kokią arbatą jūs geriate?

 

do you not drink too much?

ar jūs geriate ne per daug?

 

what happens when you drink?

kas vyksta, kai jūs geriate?

 

how often do you drink mineral water?

kaip dažnai jūs geriate mineralinį vandenį?

 

is it true that you don’t drink tea?

ar tiesa, kad negeriate arbatos?

 

is it true that you don’t drink beer?

ar tiesa, kad negeriate alaus?

 

is it true that you don’t drink wine?

ar tiesa, kad negeriate vyno?

 

if you don't drink beer, I also will not drink

jei jūs negeriate alaus, aš taip pat negersiu

 

jūs (plural)

 

what are you all drinking?

ką jūs geriate?

 

the tap      

čiaupas

 

do you all drink water from the tap?

ar jūs geriate vandenį iš čiaupo?

 

you all don't drink enough water

jūs negeriate pakankamai vandens

 

why don't you drink? Drink more!

Kodėl jūs negeriate? Gerkite daugiau!

 

mes

 

alcohol

alkoholis

 

we’re drinking alcohol

mes geriame alkoholį

 

we’re drinking milk

mes geriame pieną

 

we drink strong, black coffee without sugar

geriame stiprią, juodą kavą be cukraus

 

we’re not drinking alcohol

mes negeriame alkoholio

 

we don’t drink a lot of alcohol

mes negeriame daug alkoholio

 

thanks, but we don’t drink wine

ačiū, bet mes negeriame vyno

 

they’re drinking apple juice

jie geria obuolių sultis

 

they’re drinking orange juice

jie geria apelsinų sultis

 

they’re drinking grape juice

jie geria vynuogių sultis

 

they’re not drinking apple juice

jie negeria obuolių sulčių

 

they’re not drinking orange juice

jie negeria apelsinų sulčių

 

they’re not drinking grape juice

jie negeria vynuogių sulčių

 

jos

 

carbonated water

gazuotas vanduo

 

what are they drinking?

ką jos geria?

 

they drink carbonated water

jos geria gazuotą vandenį

 

they are drinking coffee

jos geria kavą

 

they drink cold, black coffee with ice

jos geria šaltą juodą kavą su ledais

 

they don’t drink carbonated water

jos negeria gazuoto vandens

 

they don’t drink coffee

jos negeria kavos

 

they don’t drink cold coffee

jos negeria šaltos kavos

 

and now, some examples using the imperatives

 

drink more water!

gerk daugiau vandens!

 

drink more beer!        

gerkite daugiau alaus!

 

let's drink vodka!      

gerkime dėgtinę!

 

don't drink from the fountain! 

negerk iš fontano!

 

a cup          

puodelis

 

a glass

stiklinė

 

don't drink from the glass or the cup!

negerk iš stiklinės ar puodelio!

 

poison                  

nuodai

 

don't drink poison!

negerk nuodų!

 

let's don't drink anything!

nieko negerkime!

 

Šaunuoliai!