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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Dec 28, 2012

LL0275 – Mokėti To Know How 

 

Ready?

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Gintarė and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

 

In a previous episode we described the knygnešiai, the Lithuanian book smugglers.

 

In 1905 Russian authorities recognized the book ban policy was a failure and repealed the anti-Lithuanian language laws.  Shortly after, one of the book smugglers Juozas Masiulis opened his own bookstore in Panevėžys.

 

The bookstore and a chain of these bookstores still operate in Lithuania under his name. In Kaunas there is a statue dedicated to “the unknown book smuggler.”

 

Knygnešiai, or booksmuggler, Jurgis Bielinis was born 16 March 1846. This date is commemorated in Lithuania as the “Day of the Knygnešiai.”

 

Today we’ll go over the Lithuanian verb mokėti – to know how, to be able.  Here are mokėti and nemokėti conjugated in the present tense.

 

to know how 

mokėti

 

to be able 

mokėti

 

I know how 

aš moku

 

you know how (tu) 

tu moki

 

he knows how 

jis moka

 

she knows how 

ji moka

 

we know how 

mes mokame

 

you know how (formal) 

jūs mokate

 

you all know how 

jūs mokate

 

they know how (mm/mf) 

jie moka

 

they know how (ff) 

jos moka

 

to not know how, to not be able 

nemokėti

 

I do not know how 

aš nemoku

 

you do not know how (tu) 

tu nemoki

 

he does not know how 

jis nemoka

 

she does not know how 

ji nemoka

 

we do not know how 

mes nemokame

 

you do not know how (formal) 

jūs nemokate

 

you all do not know how 

jūs nemokate

 

they do not know how (mm/mf) 

jie nemoka

 

they do not know how (ff) 

jos nemoka

 

here are some examples;

 

I need to know the Lithuanian language like you know it

man reikia mokėti lietuvių kalbą taip kaip tu moki

 

 

to ski 

slidinėti

 

to kill 

užmušti

 

I know how to ski 

aš moku slidinėti

 

I know how to kill 

moku užmušti

 

I know how to dance 

moku šokti

 

I don’t know how to ski 

aš nemoku slidinėti

 

I don’t know how to kill 

nemoku užmušti

 

tu

 

to pick mushrooms 

grybauti

 

do you know how to pick mushrooms? 

ar moki grybauti?

 

do you know how to speak Lithuanian? 

ar moki kalbėti lietuviškai?

 

do you know how to read? 

ar moki skaityti?

 

you don’t know how to pick mushrooms? 

nemoki grybauti?

 

you don’t know how to speak Lithuanian? 

nemoki kalbėti lietuviškai?

 

you don’t know how to read? 

nemoki skaityti?

 

jis

 

Algimantas knows how to write Lithuanian 

Algimantas moka rašyti lietuviškai

 

Simonas knows how to draw 

Simonas moka piešti

 

does Giedrius know English? 

ar Giedrius moka angliškai?

 

Algimantas doesn’t know how to write 

Algimantas nemoka rašyti

 

Simonas doesn’t know how to draw 

Simonas nemoka piešti

 

does Giedrius not know English? 

ar Giedrius nemoka angliškai?

 

ji

 

does Birutė know Russian? 

ar Birutė moka rusiškai?

 

does Diana know Arabic? 

ar Diana moka arabiškai?

 

does Urtė know how to repair bicycles? 

ar Urtė moka taisyti dviračius? 

 

Birutė doesn’t know how to walk 

Birutė nemoka vaikščioti

 

Diana doesn’t know how to talk 

Diana nemoka kalbėti

 

Urtė doesn’t know how to repair bicycles 

Urtė nemoka taisyti dviračių

 

mes

 

we know Lithuanian 

mokame lietuviškai

 

we know English 

mokame angliškai

 

we know Russian 

mokame rusiškai

 

we know how to sing and dance 

mokame dainuoti ir šokti

 

father and I know how to prepare tea 

tėvas ir aš mokame paruošti arbatą

 

we don't know Lithuanian 

nemokame lietuviškai

 

we don't know English 

nemokame angliškai

 

we don't know Russian 

nemokame rusiškai

 

jūs

 

I want to ask, do you know how to write well? 

noriu paklausti, ar jūs mokate gerai rašyti?

 

do you know how to say, "no?" 

ar mokate pasakyti "ne"?

 

do you know how to work with a computer? 

ar jūs mokate dirbti su kompiuteriu? 

 

do you know how to work with this program? 

ar jūs mokate dirbti šia programa?

 

jūs

 

guitar 

gitara

 

do you all know how to play the violin? 

ar mokate groti smuiku?

 

it seems to me you all know how to play guitar 

man atrodo kad jūs mokate groti gitara

 

do you all know how to write in Lithuanian? 

ar mokate rašyti lietuviškai?

 

do you all know how to brush your teeth? 

ar mokate valyti dantis?

 

if you all don't know, look at this guide 

jei nemokate, pasižiurėkite į šį gidą

 

jie

 

they know how to be happy 

jie moka būti laimingi

 

they know how to be cheerful 

jie moka būti linksmi

 

they know how to be good 

jie moka būti geri

 

they know how to feel happy 

jie moka jaustis laimingi

 

to show               

parodyti

 

that (conjunction) 

jog

 

The Hungarians showed that they know how to farm 

Vengrai parodė, jog jie moka ūkininkauti

 

they don’t know how to be happy 

jie nemoka būti laimingi

 

they don’t know how to be polite 

jie nemoka būti mandagūs

 

they don’t know how to be good 

jie nemoka būti geri

 

jos

 

I like that they know what they are doing 

man patinka, kad jos moka tai ką daro

 

they know how to do the show      

jos moka padaryti šou

 

they don't know French, but they understand a little 

jos nemoka prancūziškai, bet truputį supranta

 

a soul 

siela

 

souls 

sielos

 

machines don't have souls, they don't know how to feel 

mašinos neturi sielų, jos nemoka jausti

 

imperative

 

tu 

mokėk

 

mes 

mokėkime

 

jūs 

mokėkite

 

tu 

nemokėk

 

mes 

nemokėkime

 

jūs 

nemokėkite

 

Šaunuoliai!!  Great!  You made it to the end of another episode!  Puiku!  Excellent!