Apr 23, 2008
Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Raminta and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.
According to the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia, Šiauliai is the home to the Hill of Crosses or Kryžių kalnas. Beginning around 1831 people started leaving crosses on the hill. During the Soviet Occupation of Lithuania between 1944 and 1990 the Russians bulldozed the hill three times but the crosses, crucifixes, carvings of national heros, effigies and rosaries were rebuilt. There are no official rules regarding the hill so anyone who wishes can leave an object of their choosing.
Oh, did you know, that we, I think it was 19…1985 when my grandmother, my father and me drove to the Hill Cross of Šiauliai and left a cross and my father was digging and my grandma…and I was playing there and we were kind of…fast, fast, fast, that nobody would see. Why? Oh, you had to go fast because of the Soviets. Right somebody can, you know, you can get into trouble. Ah, so it was at night or during the day? At day, at day, people - it was there, like you know, it was destroyed but then again people would do that. And they really didn’t want that somebody would see and then it would be really bad with their job and everything, you know so you wanted to be fast. Oh, that’s a cool story, I didn’t know. Thank you.
In Lithuania, the first day of the week is Monday or pirmadienis. Lithuanians and the English have very different methods of naming the days of the week. In English the days of the week are capitalized, in Lithuanian you don’t generally do that unless the day of the week is the first word in a sentence. Just to demonstrate how different the names of the days of the week are in these two cultures, let’s run through the English system…
Sunday comes from the Germanic Sun-nan-dag – a day to worship
the Sun God.
Monday comes from the Germanic Moh-nan-dag – a day to worship the Moon God.
Tuesday comes from the Germanic Tee-wes-dag a day to worship Tyr, the god of combat and heroic glory.
Wednesday is named for wohd-nes-dag or wohd-nes-dye, the day of the Germanic god Woden or Odin.
Thursday is named for thoon-res-dag, the day to worship the thundergod Thor.
Friday is named for free-ye-dag, the day of Frige, the Germanic goddess of beauty,
Saturday is named for the Roman god of Saturn.
In Lithuanian, basically, we say first-day, second-day, third-day, etcetera. Let’s learn how to say, first, second, third – all days of the week are masculine.
The Lithuanian word for day is, diena, which is feminine. Of course, we’ve used this in the phrase, laba diena. Now, let’s go over the days of the week.
pirmadienis (sunki diena - hard day)
So, Raminta, before we do the last day, Sunday, if it follows this pattern, this day must be called septintadienis, right? Oh well, what are you going to do? Okay, so Sunday diverts from this system just a little.
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I’m Jack and I’ve never met a Lithuanian I didn’t like. Viso gero! Sudie!
English days of the week
Hill of Crosses