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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Jun 30, 2008

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Raminta and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

Did you know Lithuania once had a dictator?  At the end of World War One Lithuania was occupied by German soldiers.  Lithuania declared its independence in 1918 and they left.  In 1926 Antanas Smetona was one of the leaders of a military coup d'état.  Lithuanian soldiers removed the democratically elected government, put the most conservative Lithuanian party in power, placed Antanas Smetona in the president’s chair and he ruled Lithuania until it was invaded by the Soviet Union in 1940.

The dictatorship lasted for 14 years and all other political parties were outlawed.  When the Soviet Union invaded in 1940 at the beginning of World War II they claimed they were doing Lithuanians a favor by defeating fascism.

pradėkime, let’s get started

Back in episode 0047 we learned two commands.  Kiss me! Pabučiuok mane!  Hug me!  Apkabink mane!

Today we’ll go over the imperative.  We use the imperative to tell people or animals to do something.  Such as, Look!  Sit down!  Come here!

This stuff isn’t super difficult.  Start with the infinitive of the verb, chop off the “t” – “i" or the “-ti” at the end of the verb and add “-k” or the Lithuanian letter “k.”

the verb dirbti, to work, changes to dirbk!
the verb šokti, to dance, changes to šok!
the verb žiūrėti, to look, changes to žiūrėk!

work!            
dirbk!

dance!           
šok!

look!             
žiūrėk!

dirbk!  šok!  žiūrėk! are all examples of how to command an individual using the “tu” form.  We’d use this with a child, a close friend or an animal.  To command a group of people or to give a command in a more polite way, we use jūs, we add –kite instead of just –k.

work!            
dirbkite!

dance!           
šokite!

look!             
žiūrėkite!

lastly, to give a command to a group that we’re a part of, as in “us” or “we,” we add “–kime .”

let’s work!      
dirbkime!

let’s dance!     
šokime!

let’s look!        
žiūrėkime!

Now, let’s practice with some examples.  First, let’s do the familiar or “tu” form.  We’ll say the verb in English, then the infinitive in Lithuanian.  Then we’ll give the command in English and you try to guess the command in Lithuanian.  Good luck!  Sėkmės!

to work              
dirbti  

work!                 
dirbk!

to dance             
šokti  

dance!                
šok!

to jump               
šokinėti  

jump!                 
šokinėk!

to look                 
žiūrėti  

look!                  
žiūrėk!

to run                 
bėgti  

run!                    
bėk!

to do                   
daryti  

do it!                  
daryk!

to go                    
eiti  

go!                     
eik!

to come               
ateiti  

come!                  
ateik!

to take                 
imti  

take it!                
imk!

to remain, to stay 
likti  

stay healthy!         
lik sveikas!

to wait                 
palaukti  

wait!                   
palauk!

to hurry               
skubėti  

hurry!                 
skubėk!

to shout               
šaukti  

shout!                  
šauk!

to bring                
atnėšti  

bring it!               
atnėšk!

to sit                    
atsisesti  

sit!                      
atsisesk!

Now let’s give the same commands to a person using the “jūs” form which is also the form we’d use giving a command to a group of people.

work!                  
dirbkite!

dance!                 
šokite!

jump!                   
šokinėkite!

look!                    
žiūrėkite!

and of course, in normal conversation we can drop the tail end -e

look!                    
žiūrėkit!

run!                     
bėkit!

do it!                    
darykit!

go!                       
eikit!

come!                  
ateikit!

take it!                 
imkit!

stay healthy!        
likit sveikas!

wait!                   
palaukit!

hurry!                  
skubėkit!

shout!                 
šaukit!

bring it!                
atnėškit!

sit down!             
atsisėskit!

Great!  Now let’s give a command to a group of people to which we belong.  These commands would be equivalent to, Let’s work! Let’s dance!  Let’s run!

let’s work!           
dirbkime!

let’s dance!          
šokime!

let’s jump!            
šokinėme!

let’s look!            
žiūrėkime!

let’s look!            
žiūrėkim!

let’s run!              
bėkim!

let’s do it!             
darykim!

let’s go!               
eikim!

let’s take it!          
imkim!

let’s wait!             
palaukim!

let’s hurry!           
skubėkim!

let’s shout!           
šaukim!

let’s sit down!       
atsisėskim!

Nuostabu!  Wonderful!  You made it to the end of another episode!  Nuostabu!

Alright!  That’s it for today!  Thanks for the download!  If you got anything out of this lesson please leave us a review on our iTunes page.

To leave us comments call our voicemail number that’s in the title of every show or call our Skype voicemail at Lithuanianoutloud – that’s one word, and leave us a message there.
If you’d like to see the Lithuanian spelling of any word in this series just go to WWW dot Lithuanian dot L I B S Y N dot com.  If you’d like to get these episodes every time a new one is available just go to iTunes and do a search for Lithuanian Out Loud and click subscribe.  It’s completely free.  But, if you don’t want to subscribe on iTunes, just send us an email asking us to alert you every time a new episode hits the internet.  And feel free to make copies of our episodes, put them on cds and pass them out to your friends.
Thanks to CCMixter.org, Ditto Ditto and Vieux Farka Toure for the podcast music.
Thanks for tuning in, tell your friends about us, we’ll see you on the next episode of Lithuanian Out Loud.
I’m Jack and I’ve never met a Lithuanian I didn’t like.  Viso gero!  Sudie!

Antanas Smetona
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antanas_Smetona

http://www.Lithuanian.Libsyn.com
Skype voicemail:  Lithuanianoutloud
email Raminta and Jack at: lithuanianoutloud@earthlink.net 
http://www.vieuxfarkatoure.com/
http://www.ccmixter.org/