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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Dec 28, 2008

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Raminta and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

According to the free Wikipedia page Romuva; The Quendlinburg Chronicle mentions a missionary Bruno of Querfort, who was killed along with 18 men by Yotvingians because of entering The Holy Forest.  This was the first time the name of Lithuania was mentioned in written sources.  Lithuanians came to history as very conservative believers of an ancient European pre-Christian faith, they preserved this religion until the 14th and 15th centuries.  They happened to be the last non-nomadic people in Europe practicing pristine Indo-European polytheism.

In the 13th century Pope Gregory IX declared crusades against the Baltic peoples.  This led to the destruction of the Baltic faith.  Grand Duke Mindaugas was Christianized with his family and warriors in 1251 to get recognition from Christian Europe.  But, Mindaugas still worshipped pagan deities as the Hyperian Chronicle mentions.  He sacrificed to the Supreme God Andajus or Dievas, Perkūnas, Teliavelis, the god of blacksmiths, and Žvorūna, goddess of forests and hunters.

Today we‘ll go over the Lithuanian verb galėti – to be able.  Here are galėti and negalėti conjugated in the present tense.

to be able (can)             
galėti

I can                              
aš galiu

you can                           
tu gali

he can                             
jis gali

she can                         
ji gali

we can                           
mes galime

you can                          
jūs galite

you all can                    
jūs galite

they can (mm/mf)          
jie gali

they can (ff)                   
jos gali
 
to not be able (cannot)  
negalėti

I cannot                          
aš negaliu

you cannot                    
tu negali

he cannot                      
jis negali

she cannot                    
ji negali

we cannot                    
mes negalime

you cannot                      
jūs negalite

you all cannot                
jūs negalite

they cannot (mm/mf)    
jie negali

they cannot (ff)              
jos negali

vocabulary                     žodynas

I would like                    
norėčiau

also                                
irgi

to read                          
skaityti

to write                        
rašyti

to work                           
dirbti

if                                   
jei, jeigu

to leave                          
išeiti

to enter                           
įeiti

to sing                           
dainuoti

to cook                          
virti

to dance                         
šokti

to do                             
daryti, padaryti

to start                           
pradėti

slow                               
lėtas

to hear                          
girdėti

to finish                         
baigti

to eat                            
valgyti

to win                           
laimėti

to change                       
pakeisti

life                                
gyvenimas

to say, to tell                
pasakyti

when?                           
kada?

why?                             
kodėl?

to read                          
skaityti

a sentence                     
sakinys

polite                             
mandagus

to trust                          
pasitikėti

pleasant, nice                
malonus

outside                           
laukas

to relax                          
atsipalaiduoti

all                                 
visas

to rest                            
pailsėti

dessert                          
desertas

to smoke                       
rūkyti

to sit                             
sėdėti

to write                         
rašyti

nor                                
nei

anywhere                       
bet kur

to study                         
mokytis

wonderful                      
puikus

pork                              
kiauliena

I can read                    
aš galiu skaityti

I can write                      
aš galiu rašyti

I can work                      
aš galiu dirbti

if I can, you can too      
jei aš galiu, gali ir tu

I can’t shut up              
negaliu tylėti

I can’t read                  
negaliu skaityti

I can’t write                  
negaliu rašyti

I can’t work                    
negaliu dirbti

tu
can you?                            
ar gali?

can you speak English?        
ar gali kalbėti angliškai?

can you understand French?
ar gali suprasti prancūziškai?

I know that you can do it      
aš žinau kad tu tai gali

can you?                                
ar gali?

yes, I can!                            
taip, aš galiu

I can’t shut up                        
negaliu tylėti

yes, I can!                              
taip, galiu!

you cannot leave                    
negali išeiti

you cannot enter                  
negali įeiti

you cannot sing                      
negali dainuoti

jis
he can cook                      
jis gali virti

he can dance                          
jis gali šokti

he can do it                          
jis gali tai padaryti

he cannot do it                      
jis negali to padaryti

he cannot cook                      
jis negali virti

he cannot dance                    
jis negali šokti

ji
she can start                        
ji gali pradėti

she can eat very slowly        
ji gali valgyti labai lėtai

she can hear                        
ji gali girdėti

she cannot swim                  
ji negali plaukti

she cannot eat slowly            
ji negali valgyti lėtai

mes
we can do it                          
mes galime tai padaryti

we can win                            
galime laimėti

yes we can                              
taip mes galime

we can’t do it                        
mes negalime to padaryti

we can’t win                          
negalime laimėti

no we can’t                            
ne, mes negalime

jūs
you can change your life      
jūs galite pakeisti savo gyvenimą

can you say when?                
ar galite pasakyti kada?

can you say why?                  
ar galite pasakyti kodėl?

now you can start                  
dabar galite pradėti

can you read this sentence?  
ar jūs galite perskaityti šį sakinį?

why can’t you be polite?        
kodėl jūs negalite būti mandagus?

why can’t you trust me?        
kodėl jūs negalite manimi pasitikėti?

why can’t you be nice?          
kodėl jūs negalite būti malonus?

jūs
you all can play outside        
jūs visi galite žaisti lauke

you can all relax                    
jūs visi galite atsipalaiduoti

you can all rest                      
jūs visi galite pailsėti

you all cannot eat dessert    
negalite valgyti deserto

you all cannot smoke here    
negalite čia rūkyti

you all cannot sit here          
negalite čia sėdėti

jie
they can read and write          
jie gali skaityti ir rašyti

they can sit in the coffee shop
jie gali sėdėti kavinėje

they can speak Lithuanian      
jie gali kalbėti lietuviškai

they can understand a little English
jie gali truputį suprasti angliškai

they can’t read nor write              
jie negali nei skaityti, nei rašyti

they can’t live well in London        
jie negali gerai gyventi Londone

they can’t speak Lithuanian          
jie negali kalbėti lietuviškai

jos
they can live anywhere                
jos gali gyventi bet kur

they can dance well                      
jos gali puikiai šokti

they can study in the library          
jos gali mokytis bibliotekoje

they can sit outside                      
jos gali sėdėti lauke

they cannot live here                      
jos negali gyventi čia

they cannot dance well                  
jos negali gerai šokti

they cannot eat pork                    
jos negali valgyti kiaulienos

and here is galėti in the imperative

you can! (tu)                                  
galėk!

we can!                                           
galėkime!

you can! (jūs)                                 
galėkite!

you cannot! (tu)                             
negalėk!

we cannot!                                     
negalėkime!

you cannot! (jūs)                            
negalėkite!

Puiku!  Excellent!  You made it to the end of another episode!  Puiku!

Alright!  That’s it for today!  Thanks for the download!  If you got anything out of this lesson please leave us a review on our iTunes page.

To leave us comments call our voicemail number that’s in the title of every show or call our Skype voicemail at Lithuanianoutloud – that’s one word, and leave us a message there.
If you’d like to see the Lithuanian spelling of any word in this series just go to WWW dot Lithuanian dot L I B S Y N dot com.  If you’d like to get these episodes every time a new one is available just go to iTunes and do a search for Lithuanian Out Loud and click subscribe.  It’s completely free.  But, if you don’t want to subscribe on iTunes, just send us an email asking us to alert you every time a new episode hits the internet.  And feel free to make copies of our episodes, put them on cds and pass them out to your friends.
Thanks to CCMixter.org, Ditto Ditto and Vieux Farka Toure for the podcast music.
Thanks for tuning in, tell your friends about us, we’ll see you on the next episode of Lithuanian Out Loud.
I’m Jack and I’ve never met a Lithuanian I didn’t like.  Viso gero!  Sudie!

http://www.Lithuanian.Libsyn.com
Skype voicemail:  Lithuanianoutloud
email Raminta and Jack at: lithuanianoutloud@earthlink.net 
http://www.vieuxfarkatoure.com/
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