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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Jan 6, 2010

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Raminta and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

 

According to the online article, “Baltic unrest reaches Lithuania,”
(this article recently removed from source – no link available)

 

Police fired teargas and rubber bullets to keep demonstrators away from the Lithuanian parliament on the 16th of January 2009.  Thousands of demonstrators protested the economic situation and the Lithuanian government’s response to the economic crisis sweeping the world today. 15 people were injured and more than 80 were arrested in the violent clashes.

 

today we’ll continue with our introduction to the instrumental case

 

the instrumental can also be used to describe a period of time in which something is happening

 

vocabulary                                           

žodynas

 

a thing                                                  

daiktas

 

to do sports                                           

sportuoti

 

at present                                              

šiuo metu

 

at this time                                            

šiuo metu 

 

nowadays                                             

šiuo metu

 

during                                                   

metu

 

in the time of                                         

metu

 

at the moment I’m reading the book, “The Occupation Army in Lithuania”      

šiuo metu aš skaitau knygą, „Okupacinė kariuomenė Lietuvoje”


where do you live nowadays?                 

kur šiuo metu gyveni?

 

at present I’m working                           

šiuo metu aš dirbu

 

which song are you listening to now?     

kokią dainą klausote šiuo metu?

 

nowadays I exercise                               

šiuo metu aš sportuoju

 

at this time I’m living in London             

šiuo metu aš gyvenu Londone

 

(on the phone) is Daiva there?                                       

ar čia Daiva?    

 

at the moment Daiva is not                     

Daivos šiuo metu nėra

 

in day time                                            

dienos metu

 

to sleep                                                 

miegoti

 

to go, to take place                                 

vykti

 

a seminar                                              

seminaras

 

to do                                                     

veikti

 

I like to sleep during the day                 

dienos metu aš mėgstu miegoti

 

the festival takes place in daytime         

festivalis vyksta dienos metu

 

the seminar takes place in daytime        

seminaras vyksta dienos metu

 

what do you do in your free time?          

ką veiki savo laisvalaiku?

 

summer                                                 

vasara

 

to be on vacation                                    

atostogauti

 

to have a good time                                

pramogauti

 

to travel                                                 

keliauti

 

in summer                                              

vasaros metu

 

in summertime                                        

vasaros metu

 

in summertime many people vacation   

vasaros metu daugelis žmonių atostogauja

 

in summertime Chicago’s Lithuanians like  

Čikagos lietuviai vasaros metu mėgsta

 

to have a good time                               

pramogauti

 

we like to travel America in summer       

mėgstame keliauti po Ameriką vasaros metu

 

winter                                                    

žiema


a film                                                     

filmas

 

to happen, to take place, to go              

vykti

 

to sleep                                                  

miegoti

 

second                                                   

antras

 

episode                                                  

epizodas

 

to not swim                                            

nesimaudyti

 

in wintertime                                          

žiemos metu

 

don’t swim in wintertime                       

nesimaudyk žiemos metu

 

do they all sleep in wintertime?              

ar visi jie miega žiemos metu?

 

the second episode occurs in wintertime 

antrasis epizodas vyksta žiemos metu

 

spring                                                     

pavasaris

 

in springtime                                           

pavasario metu

 

a conference                                           

konferencija

 

I’m here in springtime                            

esu čia pavasario metu

 

the conference takes place in springtime 

konferencija vyksta pavasario metu

 

the birds return in springtime                

paukščiai grįžta pavasario metu

 

free                                                        

laisvas

 

time                                                       

laikas

 

to do                                                      

veikti

 

to have one’s dinner                              

papietauti

 

to visit                                                    

aplankyti

 

to go for a walk                                       

pasivaikščioti

 

in free time                                             

laisvu laiku

 

during free time one can take a stroll     

laisvu laiku galima pasivaikščioti

 

what do you do during your free time?  

ką veiki savo laisvu laiku?

 

during free time one can eat dinner        

laisvu laiku galima papietauti

 

during free time one can visit museums 

laisvu laiku galima aplankyti muziejus

 

in time                                                    

laiku

 

in due course                                           

laiku

 

leisure time                                            

laisvalaikis

 

in free time                                              

laisvalaikiu

 

at leisure time                                         

laisvalaikiu

 

during free time                                      

laisvalaikiu

 

in free time                                              

laisvu laiku

 

a garden                                                  

sodas

 

the zoo                                                    

zoologijos sodas

 

to knit                                                     

megzti

 

everything                                               

viskas

 

will be (future tense of the verb būti)    

bus

 

only                                                        

tik

 

still                                                         

dar

 

in leisure time you can visit the zoo      

laisvu laiku galite aplankyti zoologijos sodą

 

what do you do in your free time?          

ką veiki savo laisvu laiku?

 

during free time Birutė knits                   

laisvalaikiu Birutė mezga

 

with time everything will be okay            

su laiku viskas bus gerai

 

with time they will only be better           

su laiku jie bus tik dar geresni

 

ah, everything in due time!                     

na, viskas su laiku!

 

maybe with time everything will change 

gal su laiku viskas pasikeis

 

a vacation                                                  

kelionė

 

at vacation time                                         

kelionės metu

 

during vacation time                                   

kelionės metu

 

the weather during vacation time was good  

oras kelionės metu buvo geras

 

during vacation time they met many people  

kelionės metu jie sutiko daugiau žmonių

 

the weather during vacation time was bad    

oras kelionės metu buvo blogas

 

we can also use the instrumental for personal descriptions

 

bald                                                       

plikas

 

head                                                      

galva

 

waist                                                     

liemuo

 

tooth                                                      

dantis

 

leg                                                          

koja

 

chest                                                      

krūtinė

 

hairy                                                      

plaukuotas

 

a back                                                    

nugara

 

a nose                                                    

nosis

 

lip                                                          

lūpa

 

below the eyes                                        

paakiai

 

a bald headed woman                           

moteris plika galva

 

a small waisted woman                          

moteris mažu liemeniu

 

a woman with one tooth                         

moteris su vienu dantimi

 

a man with a wooden leg                       

vyras su medine koja

 

a big chested man                                 

vyras didele krūtine

 

a man with a hairy back                        

vyras su plaukuota nugara

 

a youngster with a flat nose                   

vaikiūkštis su plokščia nosim

 

a youngster with a fat lip                       

vaikiūkštis su stora lūpa

 

a youngster with a black eye                  

vaikiūkštis su juodu paakiu

 

In English after a fight we might refer to a guy’s black eye.  In Lithuanian it’s referred to as a black eye socket.

 

But wait!  There’s more!  We also use the instrumental case when a sentence describes a change of status.  In other words, when something “becomes” something else.

 

vocabulary:


president                                                

prezidentas / prezidentė

 

to become                                              

tapti

 

supervisor                                              

vadovas / vadovė

 

mother                                                   

motina

 

grandmother                                           

močiutė

 

tadpole                                                   

buožgalvis

 

frog                                                        

varlė

 

prince                                                     

princas

 

Violeta became president                      

Violeta tapo prezidente

 

Violeta became a supervisor                   

Violeta tapo vadove

 

Renata became a mother                        

Renata tapo motina

 

Renata became a grandmother               

Renata tapo močiute

 

the tadpole changed into a frog              

buožgalvis tapo varle

 

the frog changed into a prince              

varlė tapo princu

 

So, there you have a not so brief explanation of some uses of the instrumental case or įnagininkas.  On the next episode we’ll go through many more examples.