Sun, 30 March 2008
Ready Freddy? Ready Freddy! Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Raminta and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.
Labas everybody, this is Jenny from Sweden and you’re listening to Lithuanian Out Loud with Jack and Raminta, enjoy! Thanks, Jenny for sending us the plug and letting us use it. You’re awesome! Anyone else want to send us a plug? We’re listening!
According to the web page Global Lithuanian Net; Cosmology of the Ancient Balts, one of the most important sky gods of the old Lithuanian religion was, as we‘ve mentioned before, Perkūnas, the Lithuanian Thundergod. He was powerful and could easily be angered. He was (or is he still?) the cleanser of the Earth from the power of evil. Perkūnas is stern, bearded and powerfully built and he crosses the skies in a fiery chariot drawn by swift horses or at times he woud ride a single fiery horse.
His head is surrounded by flames. In one hand he holds lightning bolts and in his other hand a heavy stone axe. Starting in spring and continuing throughout the year there were nine festivals dedicated to Perkūnas.
Small images of Perkūnas have been found in the Kernavė settlement and in the „Perkūnas House“ in Kaunas. Some words that spring from his name are:
The purpose of this episode is to teach you the verb eiti. The verb, to go on foot, or, to walk, is eiti. Let‘s conjugate that in the present tense. Kaip pasakyti lietuviškai? How do you say it in Lithuanian?
I go (on foot) aš einu
The question, kur tu eini? translates as, where are you going?
Where are you going? Kur tu eini?
Note that sometimes we’ve shortened einame to einam and einate to einat. This happens with many words in spoken Lithuanian.
Šaunu! Great! You made it to the end of another episode! Šaunu!
Ačiū labai, such a good job, I could kiss you!
COSMOLOGY OF THE ANCIENT BALTS
Alright! That’s it for today! Thanks for the download!
There are the rules for stresses, but they are really complicated to remember and to use... There are three different types of stresses in Lithuanian and depending on their place in the word, they are behaving themselves in 4 ways... But I myself failed in school to learn these rules ... :) There must be some information about this in web, at least in Lithuanian.
Oh, here we go, I found it, hope it helps: I have a book \"Pasirenk lietuvių kalbos egzaminui\" so there are charts made for lithuanians to identify the accentuations. But I think it would be useful. Aš turiu \"Pasirenk lietuvių kalbos egzaminui\" knygutę, taigi lentelės yra skirtos lietuviams nustatyti kirčiuotę. Bet manau ir tai bus naudinga. Accentuation you can identify by accent in plural dative and plural accusative. I accentuation: brolis brolius (accent is in the beggining of the word) II accentuation: pirštams pirštus ( the accent in the accusative jumps tu the ending of the word) III accentuation: beržams beržus (jumps from ending to begining) IV accentuation: vaikams vaikus (accent is on the end of the word) + means accent in the root of thee word - means accent in the ending of the word the writen word endings are exeptions this chart fits and for adjectives their endings are writen in bold. I accentuation Singular Nominative + Genitive + Dative + Accusative + Ablative + Locative + Vocative + Plural Nominative + Genitive + Dative + Accusative + Ablative + Locative + Vocative + II accentuation Singular Nominative + (- when -(i)a) Genitive + Dative + Accusative + Ablative - (+ when -(i)umi) Locative + (- when -e) Vocative + Plural Nominative + Genitive + Dative + Accusative - Ablative + Locative + Vocative + III accentuation Singular Nominative - (+ when -(i)as,-ė,is) Genitive - (+ when -(i)o) Dative + (- when -(i)am) Accusative + Ablative + (- when -(i)umi, -imi) Locative - Vocative + (- when -y,-ie,-au,-a,-i) plural Nominative Vocative + (- when -(i)ai, -i) Genitive - Dative - Accusative + Ablative - Locative - IV accentuation Singular Nominative - (+ when -(i)as, -ė,-is) Genitive - (+ when -(i)o) Dative + (- when -(i)am) Accusative + Ablative - Locative - Vocative + (- when -y,-ie,-au) Plural Nominative Vocative + (- when -(i)ai,-i) Genitive - Dative - Accusative - Ablative - Locative - (h
Hello Raminte and Jack! Once again, thank you for all the effort and time you put into these lessons. They are great and I enjoy seeing a new lesson every week. I have a question about word stress and how it changes. I find that I am stumbling a bit on how the stress changes in a word in the locative more than in other cases. Are there any rules on how the stress changes, i.e., why for \\\"Kaunas\\\" the stress jumps to the end in the locative, but for \\\"viesbutis\\\" it doesn\\\'t? My hunch is that there are some rules, but they are probably complicated. If Raminte could shed any light on this, it would be greatly appreciated. Thanks so much! Best, Letitia Rydjeski