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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Feb 5, 2010

Hi there, I’m Jack and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.  Here’s a quick note before we get to today’s episode continuing the instrumental case,

 

Dave MacLeod from PageF30.com has created something to help him memorize Lithuanian declensions.  He creates English sentences and replaces select words with Lithuanian words.  You can take a look at his work and let him know what you think.  I’ll post his link on the Lithuanian Out Loud webpage. 

 

http://www.pagef30.com/2010/01/easier-way-to-master-lithuanian.html

 

A listener named Viktorija left a post on our blogpage on an earlier episode concerning the use of labukas.  Viktorija wants us to know, "labukas" is a quite intimate, soft and even flirting way of saying hi. So, a girl can say "labukas" to another girl or a guy she knows well, and a guy can say "labukas" to a girl. But if a guy says "labukas" to another guy, it sounds odd and effeminate.  Viktorija says, she’s from Vilnius and she uses "labukas" with her friends.

 

Today we’ll continue where we left off with the instrumental case.  Alright, let’s get started with today’s program, enjoy!  Let’s go over some examples using feminine singular nouns…

 

tyliai. tyliai

tyliai? tyliai

tyliai? in silence, tyliai

oh, tyliai, tyliai

keep quiet

that’s cute, tyliai, tyliai

 

(-a)

a teacher                                                                               

mokytoja

 

a saleswoman                                                                       

pardavėja

 

a waitress                                                                              

padavėja

 

a female doctor                                                                    

gydytoja

 

a crosswalk                                                                           

pėsčiųjų perėja

 

a car                                                                                        

mašina

 

a ball                                                                                     

kamuolys

 

the ball rolled under the car                                              

kamuolys pasirito po mašina

 

Justinas walks via the crossing                                         

Justinas eina pėsčiųjų perėja

 

she’s working as a waitress                                                

ji dirba padavėja

 

she works as a doctor in Madrid                                      

ji dirba gydytoja Madride

 

Justas travels by car                                                          

Justas keliauja mašina

 

Eglė became a saleswoman                                               

Eglė tapo pardavėja

 

Birutė became a teacher                                                    

Birutė tapo mokytoja

 

(-ė)

a chair                                                                                   

kėdė

 

a spider                                                                                 

voras

 

a wedding                                                                             

vestuvės

 

a tent                                                                                      

palapinė

 

a female builder                                                                   

statybininkė

 

a female commentator                                                        

komentatorė

 

a female composer                                                               

kompozitorė

 

a female lawyer                                                                    

advokatė

 

a female pilot                                                                       

lakūnė

 

Violeta works as a builder                                                

Violeta dirba statybininke

 

Aistė works as a commentator                                         

Aistė dirba komentatore

 

Audronė became a lawyer                                                

Audronė tapo advokate

 

Adelė works as a pilot                                                       

Adelė dirba lakūne

 

Valentina became a composer                                          

Valentina tapo kompozitore

 

a spider is under the chair                                                

voras yra po kėde

 

the wedding was under a big tent                                    

vestuvės buvo po didele palapine

 

here are some sentence fragments using some feminine nouns that end in –s.

 

duck – antis changes to antimi

 

to bake                                                                                   

kepti

 

rice                                                                                          

ryžiai

 

duckling                                                                                

ančiukas

 

stone, stony                                                                          

mūrinis

 

the duckling is under the duck                                        

ančiukas yra po antimi

 

the duckling became a duck                                            

ančiukas tapo antimi

 

one can bake apples with a duck                                     

obuolius galima kepti kartu su antimi

 

Antinas is talking with the duck                                     

Antinas kalba su antimi

 

stove or furnace - krosnis changes to krosnimi

 

hearth / fireplace                                                                

židinys

 

to connect                                                                            

sujungti

 

a cockroach                                                                          

tarakonas

 

a little house / a hut                                                            

namelis

 

a big kitchen with a stove                                                 

didelė virtuvė su krosnimi

 

a house is heated with a furnace                                      

namas šildomas krosnimi

 

a building with a furnace                                                  

pastatas su krosnimi

 

a stone house with a stove                                                

mūrinis namas su krosnimi

 

a cockroach is under the furnace!                                    

tarakonas po krosnimi!

 

fire - ugnis changes to ugnimi

 

to play                                                                                   

žaisti

 

children                                                                              

vaikai

 

to cook                                                                                  

virti

 

to experiment                                                                       

eksperimentuoti

 

don’t play with fire!                                                            

nežaisk su ugnimi!

 

the children are playing with fire                                     

vaikai žaidžia su ugnimi

 

a dragon is spitting fire                                                      

drakonas spjaudo ugnimi

 

they are experimenting with fire                                     

jie eksperimentuoja su ugnimi

 

rain – lietus changes to lietumi

 

hail                                                                                         

kruša

 

wind with rain                                                                      

vėjas su lietumi

 

lightning with rain                                                             

perkūnija su lietumi 

 

hail with rain                                                                                         

kruša su lietumi

 

the snow became rain                                                         

sniegas virto lietumi

 

woman – moteris changes to moterimi

 

the girl became a woman                                                  

mergina tapo moterimi

 

he came with a woman                                                      

jis atėjo su moterimi

 

Ričardas lives with a woman                                            

Ričardas gyvena su moterimi

 

I work with a woman                                                           

aš dirbu su moterimi

 

a nose – nosis changes to nosimi

 

brown                                                                                    

rudas / ruda

 

a badger                                                                                

barsukas

 

a hyena                                                                                 

hiena

 

black                                                                                      

juodas / juoda

 

iron, made of iron                                                                

geležinis

 

a hyena with a brown nose                                                

hiena ruda nosimi

 

a black iron bird with a white nose                                  

juodas geležinis paukštis balta nosimi

 

a badger with a long nose                                                  

barsukas su ilga nosimi

 

(-uo) sesuo (seseria or seserimi)

 

everywhere                                                                      

visur

 

to sing                                                                              

dainuoti

 

in the evening                                                                 

vakare

 

to go, to take place                                                         

vykti

 

to find oneself, to get, to come                                     

atsidurti

 

to walk about, to stroll about                                        

vaikštinėti

 

to marry                                                                             

susituokti

 

how did she come with sister to the city?                   

kaip ji su seseria atsidūrė mieste?

 

how did she come with sister to the city?                   

kaip ji su seserimi atsidūrė mieste?

 

she lived in Vilnius with her sister                                

ji gyveno Vilniuje su savo seseria

 

she lived in Vilnius with her sister                                

ji gyveno Vilniuje su savo seserimi

 

Audronė lives with her sister                                        

Audronė gyvena su savo seserimi

 

Audronė lives with her sister                                        

Audronė gyvena su savo seseria

 

Birutė with her sister Aistė live in Kaunas                  

Birutė su jos seserimi Aiste gyvena Kaune

 

Birutė with her sister Aistė live in Kaunas                  

Birutė su jos seseria Aiste gyvena Kaune

 

he always walked about with his sister                        

jis visur vaikštinėjo su savo seseria

 

he always walked about with his sister                        

jis visur vaikštinėjo su savo seserimi

 

Vytas married with Romas’ sister Eglė                         

Vytas susituokė su Romo seserimi Eglė

 

Vytas married with Romas’ sister Eglė                         

Vytas susituokė su Romo seseria Eglė

 

I work with sister                                                             

dirbu su seseria

 

I work with sister                                                             

dirbu su seserimi

 

Valdas sings with sister                                                  

Valdas dainuoja su seseria

 

Valdas sings with sister                                                  

Valdas dainuoja su seserimi

 

(-ė) duktė (dukteria or dukterimi)

 

a horse groomer                                                                    

arklininkas

 

at home lives the horse groomer with his daughter      

namelyje gyvena arklininkas su dukteria

 

at home lives the horse groomer with his daughter      

namelyje gyvena arklininkas su dukterimi

 

Rožė together with her daughter are going to the city 

Rožė kartu su dukteria važiuoja į miestą

 

Rožė together with her daughter are going to the city 

Rožė kartu su dukterimi važiuoja į miestą

 

they came from Italy with their daughter                        

jie atvyko iš Italijos su savo dukteria

 

they came from Italy with their daughter                        

jie atvyko iš Italijos su savo dukterimi

 

Šaunuoliai!