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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Mar 13, 2012

LL0270 – plural instrumental inagininkas part three

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Gintarė and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

A bizarre story out of Lithuania concerns a man named Drąsius Kedys of Kaunas, Lithuania.  

 

Mr. Kedys allegedly murdered Lithuanian District Court Judge Jonas Furmanavičius and a few hours later, the sister of his ex-girlfriend, Violeta Naruševičienė.

 

Police said that possible motives for the murders were either a bitter three-year-long custody fight or the claims by Drąsius Kedys that Judge Jonas Furmanavičius and other men raped his young daughter.

 

Drąsius Kedys had become a Lithuanian folk hero for taking the law into his own hands and murdering two people.  Street demonstrations were held and mugs and t-shirts supporting Drąsius were sold all over Lithuania.

 

His body was found in a Kaunas reservoir in April 2010.

 

Killer of judge, woman in Kaunas remains at large

http://balticreports.com/?p=2444

 

Drąsius Kedys found dead in Kaunas

http://balticreports.com/?p=15414

 

In the last episode we went over the plural instrumental case or įnagininkas.  Today, we'll go over some more examples using the plural instrumental case used in different ways.

 

Let’s start with the days of the week. 

 

Just a quick review, here are the days of the week in vardininkas

 

Monday

pirmadienis

 

Tuesday

antradienis

 

Wednesday

trečiadienis

 

Thursday

ketvirtadienis

 

Friday

penktadienis

 

Saturday

šeštadienis

 

Sunday

sekmadienis

 

if you want to say something happens on a particular day of the week, you have to use the accusative singular

 

I work on Monday

aš dirbu pirmadienį

 

on Tuesday began a new strike

antradienį prasidėjo naujas streikas

 

on Wednesday lightning set fire to two buildings

Antradienį žaibai padegė du pastatus

 

live jazz this Thursday!

džiazas gyvai šį ketvirtadienį!

 

on Friday you can dance

penktadienį tu gali šokti

 

why do we celebrate on Sunday rather than Saturday?

kodėl mes švenčiame sekmadienį, o ne šeštadienį?

 

if you want to say something happens every Monday or every Tuesday, you use the instrumental plural

 

the lessons take place on Mondays

pamokos vyksta pirmadieniais

 

selections will take place on Tuesdays and Thursdays

atrankos vyks antradieniais ir ketvirtadieniais

 

in December we will work on Wednesdays

Gruodžio mėnesį dirbsime trečiadieniais

 

Salsa-mania happens on Fridays

Salsamanija vyksta penktadieniais

 

court is closed on Saturdays

teismas šeštadieniais nedirba

 

Julė works not only weekdays, but Sundays

Julė dirba ne tik darbo dienomis, bet ir sekmadieniais

 

if you’re talking about something that happens during a single day, you use the singular accusative

 

diena changes to dieną

 

during the day          

dieną

 

I work all day        

dirbu visą dieną

 

the judge sleeps all day        

teisėjas visą dieną miega

 

in Kaunas it snowed all day        

Kaune snigo visą dieną

 

what do you do every day?        

ką darote kiekvieną dieną?

 

let’s say you want to describe something that happens during the day, every day

 

here we’d use the instrumental plural of the word for day

 

dienomis

 

by days

dienomis

 

during the days

dienomis

 

during holidays

švenčių dienomis

 

work time

darbo laikas

 

work days

darbo dienomis

 

I work on weekdays

dirbu darbo dienomis

 

I sleep on holidays

miegu švenčių dienomis

 

working time on holidays

darbo laikas švenčių dienomis

 

open hours on holidays

darbo laikas švenčių dienomis

 

on weekends and holidays I don't work

savaitgaliais ir švenčių dienomis nedirbu

 

evenings or weekends go to the theater

vakarais arba savaitgaliais eik i kiną

 

now let’s describe something that happens in the evening

 

evening

vakaras

 

evenings

vakarai

 

in the evening

vakare

 

this evening

šiandien vakare

 

tomorrow evening

rytoj vakare

 

Dear, maybe we can go tomorrow evening?

Brangioji, gal nueikime rytoj vakare?

 

I had a flight this evening to Frankfurt

aš turėjau skristi šiandien vakare į Frankfurtą

 

I’ll be back in the evening

aš sugrįšiu vakare

 

in the evening we will all be in Lithuania

vakare mes visi būsime Lietuvoje

 

I will leave tomorrow evening or Friday morning

aš išvyksiu rytoj vakare arba penktadienio rytą

 

in order to express something that happens in the evenings, we use the plural instrumental

 

in the evenings

vakarais

 

I can watch your children in the evenings

galiu prižiurėti jūsų vaikus vakarais

 

mosquitoes buzz in the evenings

uodai zyzia vakarais

 

what to do on long Autumn evenings?

ką veikti ilgais rudens vakarais?

 

the word for morning, as you already know, is rytas

 

morning

rytas

 

mornings

rytai

 

in the morning

rytą

 

in the mornings

rytais

 

what do you do in the mornings?

ką tu darai, rytais?

 

I need help in the mornings

man reikia pagalbos rytais

 

it’s very cold in the mornings

labai šalta rytais

 

I’m alone in the mornings

aš vienas rytais

 

we can also use the plural instrumental to describe things during the seasons of the year

 

summer            

vasara

 

in summer          

vasarą

 

in summers

vasaromis

 

he with his family lived in Kaunas in the summers

jis su šeima gyveno Kaune vasaromis

 

our summers often lack moisture

mūsų vasaromis dažnai trūksta drėgmės

 

spring           

pavasaris

 

in spring          

pavasarį

 

in the springs

pavasariais

 

to bloom

žydėti

 

our flowers bloom in the springs

mūsų gėlės žydi pavasariais 

 

winter           

žiema

 

in winter

žiemą

 

in the winters

žiemomis

 

why do bears sleep in the winters?

kodėl meškos žiemomis miega?

 

in the cold winters bees eat more honey

šaltomis žiemomis bitės daugiau suvalgo medaus

 

autumn              

ruduo

 

in the autumn

rudenį

 

in the autumns

rudeniais

 

to pick up

rinkti

 

In the autumns I want to go pick mushrooms

Visais rydeniais aš noriu eiti rinkti grybų

 

on the next episode we'll continue using the instrumental in different ways

 

see you then!

 

Šaunu, you made it to the end of another episode! Turėtum jaustis kaip ant sparnų! You should feel like you're on wings!