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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)


Mar 13, 2012

LL0270 – plural instrumental inagininkas part three

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Gintarė and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

A bizarre story out of Lithuania concerns a man named Drąsius Kedys of Kaunas, Lithuania.  


Mr. Kedys allegedly murdered Lithuanian District Court Judge Jonas Furmanavičius and a few hours later, the sister of his ex-girlfriend, Violeta Naruševičienė.


Police said that possible motives for the murders were either a bitter three-year-long custody fight or the claims by Drąsius Kedys that Judge Jonas Furmanavičius and other men raped his young daughter.


Drąsius Kedys had become a Lithuanian folk hero for taking the law into his own hands and murdering two people.  Street demonstrations were held and mugs and t-shirts supporting Drąsius were sold all over Lithuania.


His body was found in a Kaunas reservoir in April 2010.


Killer of judge, woman in Kaunas remains at large


Drąsius Kedys found dead in Kaunas


In the last episode we went over the plural instrumental case or įnagininkas.  Today, we'll go over some more examples using the plural instrumental case used in different ways.


Let’s start with the days of the week. 


Just a quick review, here are the days of the week in vardininkas























if you want to say something happens on a particular day of the week, you have to use the accusative singular


I work on Monday

aš dirbu pirmadienį


on Tuesday began a new strike

antradienį prasidėjo naujas streikas


on Wednesday lightning set fire to two buildings

Antradienį žaibai padegė du pastatus


live jazz this Thursday!

džiazas gyvai šį ketvirtadienį!


on Friday you can dance

penktadienį tu gali šokti


why do we celebrate on Sunday rather than Saturday?

kodėl mes švenčiame sekmadienį, o ne šeštadienį?


if you want to say something happens every Monday or every Tuesday, you use the instrumental plural


the lessons take place on Mondays

pamokos vyksta pirmadieniais


selections will take place on Tuesdays and Thursdays

atrankos vyks antradieniais ir ketvirtadieniais


in December we will work on Wednesdays

Gruodžio mėnesį dirbsime trečiadieniais


Salsa-mania happens on Fridays

Salsamanija vyksta penktadieniais


court is closed on Saturdays

teismas šeštadieniais nedirba


Julė works not only weekdays, but Sundays

Julė dirba ne tik darbo dienomis, bet ir sekmadieniais


if you’re talking about something that happens during a single day, you use the singular accusative


diena changes to dieną


during the day          



I work all day        

dirbu visą dieną


the judge sleeps all day        

teisėjas visą dieną miega


in Kaunas it snowed all day        

Kaune snigo visą dieną


what do you do every day?        

ką darote kiekvieną dieną?


let’s say you want to describe something that happens during the day, every day


here we’d use the instrumental plural of the word for day




by days



during the days



during holidays

švenčių dienomis


work time

darbo laikas


work days

darbo dienomis


I work on weekdays

dirbu darbo dienomis


I sleep on holidays

miegu švenčių dienomis


working time on holidays

darbo laikas švenčių dienomis


open hours on holidays

darbo laikas švenčių dienomis


on weekends and holidays I don't work

savaitgaliais ir švenčių dienomis nedirbu


evenings or weekends go to the theater

vakarais arba savaitgaliais eik i kiną


now let’s describe something that happens in the evening








in the evening



this evening

šiandien vakare


tomorrow evening

rytoj vakare


Dear, maybe we can go tomorrow evening?

Brangioji, gal nueikime rytoj vakare?


I had a flight this evening to Frankfurt

aš turėjau skristi šiandien vakare į Frankfurtą


I’ll be back in the evening

aš sugrįšiu vakare


in the evening we will all be in Lithuania

vakare mes visi būsime Lietuvoje


I will leave tomorrow evening or Friday morning

aš išvyksiu rytoj vakare arba penktadienio rytą


in order to express something that happens in the evenings, we use the plural instrumental


in the evenings



I can watch your children in the evenings

galiu prižiurėti jūsų vaikus vakarais


mosquitoes buzz in the evenings

uodai zyzia vakarais


what to do on long Autumn evenings?

ką veikti ilgais rudens vakarais?


the word for morning, as you already know, is rytas








in the morning



in the mornings



what do you do in the mornings?

ką tu darai, rytais?


I need help in the mornings

man reikia pagalbos rytais


it’s very cold in the mornings

labai šalta rytais


I’m alone in the mornings

aš vienas rytais


we can also use the plural instrumental to describe things during the seasons of the year





in summer          



in summers



he with his family lived in Kaunas in the summers

jis su šeima gyveno Kaune vasaromis


our summers often lack moisture

mūsų vasaromis dažnai trūksta drėgmės





in spring          



in the springs



to bloom



our flowers bloom in the springs

mūsų gėlės žydi pavasariais 





in winter



in the winters



why do bears sleep in the winters?

kodėl meškos žiemomis miega?


in the cold winters bees eat more honey

šaltomis žiemomis bitės daugiau suvalgo medaus





in the autumn



in the autumns



to pick up



In the autumns I want to go pick mushrooms

Visais rydeniais aš noriu eiti rinkti grybų


on the next episode we'll continue using the instrumental in different ways


see you then!


Šaunu, you made it to the end of another episode! Turėtum jaustis kaip ant sparnų! You should feel like you're on wings!