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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Jul 23, 2012

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Gintarė and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

 

Every summer the port city of Klaipėda holds Jūros šventė - The Sea's Festival.  Šventė is the Lithuanian word for holiday, feast, or festival.  Jūra is the word for the sea.

 

According to the webpage Kadmusarts, the Sea Festival invites the locals and city guests to enjoy more than 100 events, in which over 600 singers and bands are involved.

 

Something I’ve found difficult to understand is the word namas and its relatives.

 

Today we’ll take a few minutes to go over namas, namo, namo, namai, namuose, namie, namų, namui, namams, namą, name!

 

namas is the word for a house

here is namas in vardininkas, singular

 

I like this house very much

šitas namas man labai patinka

 

our house is in Vilnius

mūsų namas yra Vilniuje

 

here is my house

čia yra mano namas

 

the house was big

namas buvo didelis

 

the house is not old

namas nėra senas

 

he is as big as a house

jis yra didelis kaip namas

 

she is as big as a house 

ji yra didelė kaip namas

 

a children's home

vaikų namas

 

namai is namas declined in vardininkas, plural

namai can translate as either houses or home

 

namai – houses

namai – home

 

first, let's use namai as in houses

 

riverside

paupys

 

houses on the riverside

namai prie paupio

 

the yellow houses

geltoni namai

 

the houses are expensive

namai yra brangūs

 

now, let's use namai meaning home

 

my home is in Vilnius

mano namai yra Vilniuje

 

your home is cozy

tavo namai yra jaukūs

 

I like your home

man patinka jūsų namai

 

context is important here

some of these sentences could mean either home or houses

 

namo

 

is the word that expresses “to home or homewards“ and expresses movement

 

to accompany

lydėti

 

to return

sugrįžti

 

to come back

grįžti

 

to go on foot

eiti pėsčiomis

 

I go home

einu namo

 

I will go home

eisiu namo

 

I will accompany you home

aš lydžiu tave namo

 

I go home at night

einu naktį namo

 

I said, I'm returning home

sakau, aš namo sugrįžau

 

I'm going back home (I came home)

aš grįžau namo

 

I'm going home from work

einu namo iš darbo

 

I went home on foot

grįžau pėsčiomis namo

 

who is going home?

kas eina namo?

 

now go home and talk to your husband

dabar eik namo ir pakalbėk su savo vyru

 

I want to go home!

noriu namo!

 

(note: at the time of this recording, Gintarė was planning a trip home to Lithuania and she was very excited to get going)

 

Nežinau kodėl...ah, your family...it will be a party every day I think...um hum...yeah, it’s gonna be great!

 

namo is the singular genitive of namas and it expresses possession...sweet!

 

the house's location

namo vieta

 

the house's color

namo spalva

 

the house's price

namo kaina

 

the house's size

namo dydis

 

the house's appearance

namo pasirodymas

 

the house's garage

namo garažas

 

the house's doors

namo durys

 

namų

 

is the plural genitive of namas and it expresses possession

 

many houses

daug namų

 

several houses

keletas namų

 

the houses' location or the location of 

more than one house

 

namų vieta

the houses' color or the color of more

 

than one house

namų spalva

 

in the following examples we're staying with the plural genitive, namų, but keep in mind that the plural vardininkas of namas is namai

 

namai can mean houses or it can mean home

 

so, if we decline namai, home, in the genitive, we get namų

 

house arrest 

namų areštas

 

home page

namų puslapis

 

a housekeeper

namų šeiminkinkė

 

I'm calling from a home telephone

aš skambinu iš namų telefono

 

he often ran from home

labai dažnai bėgdavo iš namų

 

This week is house-keeping week.

 

In Lietuva?

 

No, in America! Because in the hotel we celebrate house-keeping week and I win prize, one day “I don’t have to go to work - for me - paid.

 

Congratulations! That’s nice!

 

Yeah!

 

That’s a good prize. Wow. Prašom...

 

namie - at home; means the same as namuose

 

namie is the locative case

 

are they at home?

ar jie namie?

 

are they at home?

ar jos namie?

 

are you at home?

ar tu namie?

 

no, I don’t eat at home

ne, namie nevalgau 

 

stay at home until I return with Eglė

būkite namie kol grįšiu su Egle

 

on weekends he sits at home

savaitgaliais sėdi namie

 

is she at home?

ar ji namie?

 

she is not

 

jos nėra

 

is he at home?

ar jis namie?

 

he is not

jo nėra

 

is Raminta in?

ar Raminta namie?

 

Raminta is not

Ramintos nėra

 

is Mindaugas at home?

ar Mindaugas namie?

 

Mindaugas is not

Mindaugo nėra

 

is Austėja in?

ar Austėja namie?

 

Austėja is not

Austėjos nėra

 

is Justinas at home?

ar Justinas namie?

 

Justinas is not

Justino nėra

 

Rimantas works at home

Rimantas dirba namie

 

Audronė works at home

Audronė dirba namie

 

Valentina works at home

Valentina dirba namie

 

Justas works at home

Justas dirba namie

 

do you keep your dog at home?

ar laikote namie šunį?

 

if you’re at home we can talk

jei esate namie galime pakalbėti

 

at home we have a family member

namie turime šeimos narį

 

namuose - at home; means the same as namie

 

do you have a computer at home?

turite kompiuterį namuose?

 

Lina has one dog at home, called Filas

Lina namuose turi vieną šunį, vardu Filas

 

make yourself at home!

jauskis kaip namuose!

 

nowadays Antanas lives at home

šiuo metu Antanas gyvena namuose

 

you can make yourself at home

galite laikyti namuose

 

are there animals at home?

ar gyvūnai namuose?

 

name

 

in the house / in a house

 

he lives in her house

jis gyvena jos name

 

Eglė lives in this house

Eglė gyvena šiame name

 

nobody lives in the house

niekas negyvena name 

 

it's immediately clear who lives in this house

iš karto aišku, kas šiame name gyvena

 

the Brazilian lives in the red house  

Brazilas gyvena raudoname name

 

the Lithuanians work in the house   

Lietuviai dirba name

 

namą is the accusative singular of namas

 

namą

 

go to your house

eik į savo namą

 

the driver went to the house

vairuotojas nuėjo į namą

 

I want to sell my house

noriu pirkti savo namą

 

I'm planning to buy a house 

planuoju pirkti namą

 

I'm planning to paint my house

planuoju dažyti savo namą

 

let's go to the new house

važuokime į naują namą

 

I love the house

aš myliu namą

 

I love the yellow house

aš myliu geltoną namą

 

I love the blue house

aš myliu mėlyną namą

 

I love the red house

aš myliu raudoną namą

 

I love the white house

aš myliu baltą namą

 

the nominative singular of house is namas, the nominative plural is namai

so, if the word for home, namai is declined in the accusative, it changes to namus

 

namus

 

go to your home!

eik į savo namus!

 

go home, okay?

eik į namus, gerai?

 

I'll go home

aš eisiu į namus

 

time to go!

kelkis ir eik!

 

get up and go!

kelkis ir eik!

 

time for you to go home

kelkis ir eik į savo namus

 

I'll go home with you

eisiu pas tave į namus

 

I'll go straight home

eisiu tiesiai į namus

 

home flower delivery in Vilnius

gėlių pristatymas į namus Vilniuje

 

nothing is better than home

nieko nėra geriau už namus

 

namu is the singular instrumental of namas

 

under the house is a large basement (cellar)

po namu yra didelis rūsys

 

under the house is a huge garage    

po namu yra didžiulis garažas 

 

I have not only a garage under the house, but parking on the street

turiu ne tik garažą po namu, bet ir parkingą gatvėje

 

namais is the plural instrumental of namas

 

Lietuva has become my second home, here I feel very well

Lietuva tapo mano antraisiais namais, čia jaučiuosi labai gerai

 

a fan (as in a football fan)

aistruolis / aistruolė

 

The Vilnius Town Hall Square has become the home for football fans

Vilniaus Rotušės aikštė tampa futbolo aistruolių namais

 

here is Vitalija’a photo with her house

čia Vitalijos nuotrauka su jos namais

 

here is the dative case or naudininkas singular and plural

 

singular - namui

 

a roof                    

stogas

 

the house needs a new roof      

namui reikia naujo stogo

 

to heat / to warm        

šildyti

 

how much energy does a house need to be heated?

kiek energijos reikia namui šildyti?

 

material                  

medžiaga

 

to insulate

apšiltinti

 

how much material does a house need to be insulated?

kiek medžiagos reikia namui apšiltinti

 

plural - namams

 

everything for your home!

viskas jūsų namams

 

a piece of furniture

baldas

 

furniture (plural)

baldai

 

an office 

biuras

 

furniture and chairs for the home or office

baldai ir kėdės namams arba biurams

 

a boiler                     

katilas

 

a heater

šildytuvas

 

a radiator

radiatorius

 

biolers, heaters, and radiators for your home 

katilai, šildytuvai, ir radiatoriai jūsų namams

 

a small house or a cottage would be called namelis

 

a cabin, a cottage

namelis

 

a house on wheels

namelis ant ratų

 

a tree house

namelis medyje

 

in the city center stands an old cottage

miestelio centre stovi senas namelis

 

the cottage is built from oak  

namelis pastatytas iš ąžuolo

 

in the small house     

namelyje

 

who lives in the small house?

kas namelyje gyvena?

 

I live in a small house in the suburbs

aš gyvenu namelyje priemiestyje

 

and finally, some miscellaneous examples

 

a stay-at-home

namisėda

 

members of the household

namiškis / namiškė / namiškai

 

a house or home

naminis

 

a cabana

namukas

 

homemade

namų darbo

 

homespun

namie austas

 

a domestic animal

naminis gyvulys

 

a lodge, cabin, or cottage

namelis

 

Šaunuoliai!  Great!  You made it to the end of another episode!  Puiku!  Excellent!

 

Jūros šventė

http://www.kadmusarts.com/festivals/1548.html