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Lithuanian Out Loud is a podcast series designed for fans of the Lithuanian language. Come along with native Lithuanian author/lawyer Raminta and her North-American husband, Jack. They'll teach you Lithuanian along with tidbits about the history and culture of Raminta's homeland - Lietuva!

Music: Vieux Farka Toure - Ana {Pocket Remix} by pocketproductions (c) copyright 2007 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial license. http://dig.ccmixter.org/files/pocketproductions/8916 Ft: Pocket (Richard Jankovich)

Dec 17, 2012

Hi there, I’m Jack and I’m Gintarė and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language.

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According to Wikipedia, the online free dictionary, The Holocaust in Nazi-occupied Lithuania resulted in the near total destruction of Lithuanian Jews living in the Nazi-controlled Lithuanian territories. Out of approximately 208,000 to 210,000 Jews, an estimated 195,000–196,000 were murdered before the end of World War II.  The Holocaust resulted in the largest ever loss of life in so short a space of time in the History of Lithuania.

 

The Holocaust in Lithuania

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holocaust_in_Lithuania

 

today we begin a series of episodes focused on pronouns and how they are declined

 

this is a very big topic, so we'll do one episode per pronoun

 

this episode will cover manęs, the next episode will cover tavęs, etcetera

 

we’ll start off with the most common declension, vardininkas or the nominative case, and what the pronouns look like

 

we’ve used these hundreds of times so it should be easy by now

 

aš, tu, jis, ji, mes, jūs, jie, jos

 

some quick examples;

 

the nominative case

vardininkas

 

I eat

aš valgau

 

you understand (tu)

tu supranti

 

he has

jis turi

 

she can

ji gali

 

you are (jūs)

jūs esate

 

we talk

mes kalbame

 

you all don’t understand (jūs)

jūs nesuprantate

 

they live (jie)

jie gyvena

 

they want (jos)

jos nori

 

by now, those should be easy

 

now, the genitive case or kilmininkas and the same pronouns

 

aš changes to manęs

tu changes to tavęs

jis changes to jo

ji changes to jos

jūs changes to jūsų

mes changes to mūsų

jūs changes to jūsų

jie changes to jų

jos changes to jų

 

before we get to our examples, here are some prepositions that require the genitive case or kilmininkas

keep in mind that some of these prepositions can have entirely different meanings with other cases,

of course, here we're only looking at the genitive case

 

without

be

 

from

 

near, next to

prie

 

on, on top of

ant

 

between

tarp

 

behind, beyond

 

above, over

virš

 

near, close, close by

arti

 

by, near, next to

šalia

 

according to, in the words of   

anot

 

according to

pasak

 

near, beside, by

greta

 

not far or close by

netoli

 

because of, on account of

dėl

 

to, until, as far as

iki

 

from, off

nuo

 

after

po

 

a preposition we've added to the bottom of this list is "po"

 

you'll remember we used po quite a bit with the instrumental case where it meant, "under"

 

in the genitive case, po translates as "after"

 

in the genitive case, or kilmininkas, the pronoun aš changes to manęs

 

laukti, like many other verbs, requires the genitive case

 

to wait for              

laukti

 

are you waiting for me?

ar lauksi manęs?

 

wait for me! (formal)

palaukite manęs!

 

wait for me! (informal)

palauk manęs!

 

paradise is waiting for me

rojus manęs laukia

 

ieškoti, like many other verbs, requires the genitive case

 

to find          

ieškoti

 

come find me!

eik manęs ieškoti!

 

I saw him, but he did not see me 

aš jį mačiau, o jis manęs nematė

 

don’t yell at me!

neklausk manęs!

 

to hate (plus genitive)

nekęsti

 

she hates me    

ji manęs nekenčia

 

don't wait for me!

nelauk manęs!

 

now, here are some examples of manęs combined with the prepositions we just listed

 

without

be

 

without me you can’t do it

be manęs negalite tai daryti

 

live with me or without me

gyvenk su manim ar be manęs

 

what would you do without me?

ką darytum be manęs?

 

go without me

eik be manęs

 

are you happy without me?

ar laiminga be manęs?

 

be happy without me   

būk laiminga be manęs

 

from            

 

what do you want from me?

ko tu nori iš manęs?

 

what do you expect from me?

ko tu iš manęs tikiesi?

 

he stole from me   

jis pavogė iš manęs

 

what do you need from me?

ko tau iš manęs reikia?

 

near, next to

prie

 

come next to me

ateik prie manęs

 

stop smoking near me!

nustok rūkyti prie manęs!

 

Gintarė ran next to me

Gintarė prie manęs pribėgo

 

some big guy came up next to me, totally drunk

prie manęs priėjo kažkoks didelis vaikinas, visiškai girtas

 

in English we can say, "he is angry at me," or "I am angry at her."

in Lithuanian we say, "he is angry on me," or "I am angry on her."

 

on, on top of

ant

 

angry

piktas / pikta

 

don't be angry with me

nepykite ant manęs

 

he is angry at me and I am angry at her

jis pyksta ant manęs ir esu piktas ant jos

 

What to do?  My girlfriend got angry with me

Ką daryti? Draugė ant manęs supyko

 

between

tarp

 

between me and you

tarp manęs ir jūsų

 

between me and Viktorija

tarp manęs ir Viktorijos

 

a dialogue between me and him

dialogas tarp manęs ir jo

 

between me and you

tarp manęs ir tavęs

 

between me and brother there is a difference

tarp manęs ir brolio yra skirtumas

 

behind, beyond

 

is there somebody behind me?

ar kas nors yra už manęs?

 

close the door behind me, I'm going

uždaryk už manęs duris, aš išeinu

 

I don't like it when she sits behind me

aš nemėgstu, kai ji sėdi už manęs

 

I feel that someone is behind me 

jaučiu kad kažkas už manęs

 

above, over

virš

 

she lives above me

ji gyvena virš manęs

 

he sat close by and leaned over me

jis atsisėdo šalia ir pasilenkė virš manęs

 

the airplane flew over me  

lėktuvas skrido virš manęs

 

I hear footsteps directly over me

girdžiu žingsnius tiesiai virš manęs

 

near, close, close by

arti

 

Richard stood very close to me

Ričardas stovėjo labai arti manęs

 

don't be so near me!  

nebūk taip arti manęs!

 

when you're near me, I'm strong

kai tu arti manęs, aš esu stipri

 

Evaldas sat next to me  

Evaldas sėdėjo arti manęs

 

suddenly, he was really close to me!

staiga, jis buvo taip arti manęs!

 

by, near, next to

šalia

 

sit down next to me

atsisėsk šalia manęs

 

she ate next to me

ji valgė šalia manęs

 

come near me!

eik šalia manęs!

 

can you sit next to me?

ar gali atsisėsti šalia manęs?

 

(Here Gintarė helps Jack with the word for “better” - gėriau. There is also a grandfather clock chiming in the background)

 

according to   

anot

 

according to me, this is not true

anot manęs, šitas ne teisingas

 

according to me, that is the best

anot manęs, tai yra geriausia

 

according to me, that is the worst

anot manęs, tai yra blogiausia

 

according to

pasak

 

according to me, the novel is good

pasak manęs romanas yra geras

 

(Here Gintarė refers to her imminent departure back to Lithuania leaving Jack without a Lithuanian to record more episodes. Jack disagrees with her suggestion that he can teach Lithuanian without help)

 

this novel is too childish, according to me

šis romanas yra per daug vaikiškas, pasak manęs

 

according to me, this novel is about love

pasak manęs, šis romanas yra apie meilę

 

near, beside, by

greta

 

sit next to me

sėsk greta manęs

 

a car stopped beside me

automobilis sustoja greta manęs

 

today, next to me on the bus, sat two Polish girls

šiandien greta manęs autobuse sėdėjo dvi lenkaitės

 

not far or close by

netoli

 

they live not far from me

jos gyvena netoli manęs

 

he lives in a suburb close by me

jis gyvena priemiestyje netoli manęs

 

the shade                

pavėsis

 

in the shade                

pavėsyje

 

the police car stopped in the shade not far from me

policijos automobilis sustoja pavėsyje netoli manęs 

 

because of

dėl

 

mind, understanding, reason

protas

 

that girl goes crazy for me

ta mergina eina iš proto dėl manęs

 

do your best for me!  

pasistenk dėl manęs!

 

love me, just for me

mylėk mane tik dėl manęs

 

I can't imagine what I'd do without my parents, they're very helpful with what I'm going through

neįsivaizduoju, ką daryčiau be savo tėvų, jie labai padėda ir dėl manęs išgyvena

 

to, until

iki

 

an idea or thought

mintis

 

that's one good thought that came to me from the song

tai viena gera mintis, kuri iki manęs atkeliavo iš dainos

 

no one came up to me!

iki manęs niekas neatėjo!

 

he came up to me  

jis atėjo iki manęs

 

from, since           

nuo

 

leave me alone! 

atstok nuo manęs!

 

leave me alone! 

atsikabink nuo manęs!

 

why doesn't a man want a child from me?

kodėl vyras nenori nuo manęs vaiko?

 

happiness is so distant from me    

laimė taip toli nuo manęs

 

let's say you're next to someone who's talking on the phone and you want to pass on a hello to whomever is on the other line

 

greetings from me                 

linkėjimai nuo manęs

 

greetings from me to them    

linkėjimai jiems nuo manęs

 

best wishes and congratulations to all of you from me

linkėjimai ir sveikinimai Jums visiems nuo manęs

 

regards to all from me

linkėjimai visiems nuo manęs

 

regards to all from me

visiems linkejimai nuo manes

 

once again, greetings from me

dar kartą linkejimai nuo manes

 

big greetings from me    

dideli linkėjimai nuo manęs

 

big, big greetings from me    

dideli, dideli linkėjimai nuo manęs

 

lots of different ways to say greetings here

 

if you only take one of these away, then memorize, "linkėjimai nuo manęs," I use this almost every day

 

after

po

 

you were born after me

tu gimei po manęs

 

who will stay here after me?

kas liks čia po manęs? 

 

jump after me  

šok po manęs

 

he leaves after me

jis išeina po manęs

 

she sings after me

ji dainuoja nuo manęs

 

Tikras stebuklas! You made it to the end of another episode! nepaprasta!